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Research Article

Patterns of Migration and Risks Associated with Leprosy among Migrants in Maranhão, Brazil

  • Christine Murto,

    Affiliations: Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

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  • Frédérique Chammartin,

    Affiliations: Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

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  • Karolin Schwarz,

    Affiliation: University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany

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  • Lea Marcia Melo da Costa,

    Affiliation: Leprosy Control Program; State Health Secretariat of Maranhão, São Luis, Brazil

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  • Charles Kaplan,

    Affiliation: University of Southern California, School of Social Work, Hamovitch Center for Science in the Human Services, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Jorg Heukelbach mail

    heukelbach@web.de

    Affiliations: Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil, Anton Breinl Centre for Public Health and Tropical Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia

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  • Published: September 05, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002422
  • Featured in PLOS Collections

About the Authors

Christine Murto, Frédérique Chammartin
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
Christine Murto, Frédérique Chammartin
University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
Karolin Schwarz
University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
Lea Marcia Melo da Costa
Leprosy Control Program; State Health Secretariat of Maranhão, São Luis, Brazil
Charles Kaplan
University of Southern California, School of Social Work, Hamovitch Center for Science in the Human Services, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
Jorg Heukelbach
Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil
Jorg Heukelbach
Anton Breinl Centre for Public Health and Tropical Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia

Corresponding Author

Email: heukelbach@web.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CM KS LMMdC JH. Performed the experiments: CM FC KS JH. Analyzed the data: CM FC CK JH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CM FC KS CK JH LMMdC. Wrote the paper: CM CK JH LMMdC FC KS.