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Research Article

Co-Circulation of Toscana Virus and Punique Virus in Northern Tunisia: A Microneutralisation-Based Seroprevalence Study

  • Sonia Sakhria equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Sonia Sakhria, Laurence Bichaud

    Affiliation: Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia

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  • Laurence Bichaud equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Sonia Sakhria, Laurence Bichaud

    Affiliations: Aix Marseille Univ, IRD French Institute of Research for Development, EHESP French School of Public Health, UMR_D 190 “Emergence des Pathologies Virales”, Marseille, France, IHU Mediterranee Infection, APHM Public Hospitals of Marseille, Marseille, France

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  • Mohamed Mensi,

    Affiliation: Regional Health Department, Governorate of Bizerte, Bizerte, Tunisia

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  • Nicolas Salez,

    Affiliation: Aix Marseille Univ, IRD French Institute of Research for Development, EHESP French School of Public Health, UMR_D 190 “Emergence des Pathologies Virales”, Marseille, France

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  • Khalil Dachraoui,

    Affiliation: Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia

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  • Laurence Thirion,

    Affiliation: Aix Marseille Univ, IRD French Institute of Research for Development, EHESP French School of Public Health, UMR_D 190 “Emergence des Pathologies Virales”, Marseille, France

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  • Saifedine Cherni,

    Affiliation: Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia

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  • Ifhem Chelbi,

    Affiliation: Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia

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  • Xavier De Lamballerie,

    Affiliations: Aix Marseille Univ, IRD French Institute of Research for Development, EHESP French School of Public Health, UMR_D 190 “Emergence des Pathologies Virales”, Marseille, France, IHU Mediterranee Infection, APHM Public Hospitals of Marseille, Marseille, France

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  • Elyes Zhioua ,

    Affiliation: Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia

    EZ and RNC also contributed equally to this work.

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  • Rémi N. Charrel mail

    remi.charrel@univ-amu.fr

    Affiliations: Aix Marseille Univ, IRD French Institute of Research for Development, EHESP French School of Public Health, UMR_D 190 “Emergence des Pathologies Virales”, Marseille, France, IHU Mediterranee Infection, APHM Public Hospitals of Marseille, Marseille, France

    EZ and RNC also contributed equally to this work.

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  • Published: September 12, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002429

About the Authors

Sonia Sakhria, Khalil Dachraoui, Saifedine Cherni, Ifhem Chelbi, Elyes Zhioua
Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia
Laurence Bichaud, Nicolas Salez, Laurence Thirion, Xavier De Lamballerie, Rémi N. Charrel
Aix Marseille Univ, IRD French Institute of Research for Development, EHESP French School of Public Health, UMR_D 190 “Emergence des Pathologies Virales”, Marseille, France
Laurence Bichaud, Xavier De Lamballerie, Rémi N. Charrel
IHU Mediterranee Infection, APHM Public Hospitals of Marseille, Marseille, France
Mohamed Mensi
Regional Health Department, Governorate of Bizerte, Bizerte, Tunisia

Corresponding Author

Email: remi.charrel@univ-amu.fr

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LB SS NS XdL EZ RNC. Performed the experiments: LB SS MM NS KD SC XdL EZ RNC. Analyzed the data: LB SS XdL RNC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NS IC LT MM SC. Wrote the paper: LB NS XdL EZ RNC.