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Research Article

Ecological and Control Techniques for Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) Associated with Rodent Reservoirs of Leishmaniasis

  • Thomas M. Mascari mail,

    tmascari@agcenter.lsu.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America

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  • Hanafi A. Hanafi,

    Affiliation: United States Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3, Cairo, Egypt

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  • Ryan E. Jackson,

    Affiliation: Syngenta Crop Protection, Cleveland, Mississippi, United States of America

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  • Souâd Ouahabi,

    Affiliation: Medical Entomology Laboratory, National Institute of Hygiene, Rabat, Morocco

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  • Btissam Ameur,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology and Disease Control, Ministry of Health, Rabat, Morocco

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  • Chafika Faraj,

    Affiliation: Medical Entomology Laboratory, National Institute of Hygiene, Rabat, Morocco

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  • Peter J. Obenauer,

    Affiliation: United States Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3, Cairo, Egypt

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  • Joseph W. Diclaro II,

    Affiliation: United States Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3, Cairo, Egypt

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  • Lane D. Foil

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America

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  • Published: September 12, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002434

About the Authors

Thomas M. Mascari, Lane D. Foil
Department of Entomology, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America
Hanafi A. Hanafi, Peter J. Obenauer, Joseph W. Diclaro II
United States Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3, Cairo, Egypt
Ryan E. Jackson
Syngenta Crop Protection, Cleveland, Mississippi, United States of America
Souâd Ouahabi, Chafika Faraj
Medical Entomology Laboratory, National Institute of Hygiene, Rabat, Morocco
Btissam Ameur
Department of Epidemiology and Disease Control, Ministry of Health, Rabat, Morocco

Corresponding Author

Email: tmascari@agcenter.lsu.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TMM LDF. Performed the experiments: TMM REJ HAH PJO JWD SO CF BA. Analyzed the data: TMM REJ LDF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: REJ. Wrote the paper: TMM REJ LDF.