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Research Article

Geographic Distribution and Genetic Characterization of Lassa Virus in Sub-Saharan Mali

  • David Safronetz mail,

    safronetzd@naidi.nih.gov (DS); feldmannh@niaid.nih.gov (HF)

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

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  • Nafomon Sogoba,

    Affiliation: Malaria Research and Training Center, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

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  • Job E. Lopez,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Zoonotic Pathogens, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

    Current address: Department of Biological Sciences, Mississippi State University, Starkville, Mississippi, United States of America.

    X
  • Ousmane Maiga,

    Affiliation: Malaria Research and Training Center, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

    X
  • Eric Dahlstrom,

    Affiliation: Rocky Mountain Laboratory Research Technologies Section, Genomics Unit, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

    X
  • Marko Zivcec,

    Affiliations: Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America, Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

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  • Friederike Feldmann,

    Affiliation: Rocky Mountain Veterinary Branch, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

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  • Elaine Haddock,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

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  • Robert J. Fischer,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Zoonotic Pathogens, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

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  • Jennifer M. Anderson,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Vincent J. Munster,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

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  • Luis Branco,

    Affiliations: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Tulane School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America, Autoimmune Technologies LLC, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

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  • Robert Garry,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Tulane School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

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  • Stephen F. Porcella,

    Affiliation: Rocky Mountain Laboratory Research Technologies Section, Genomics Unit, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

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  • Tom G. Schwan,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Zoonotic Pathogens, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

    X
  • Heinz Feldmann mail

    safronetzd@naidi.nih.gov (DS); feldmannh@niaid.nih.gov (HF)

    Affiliations: Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America, Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

    X
  • Published: December 05, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002582

About the Authors

David Safronetz, Marko Zivcec, Elaine Haddock, Vincent J. Munster, Heinz Feldmann
Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America
Nafomon Sogoba, Ousmane Maiga
Malaria Research and Training Center, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali
Job E. Lopez, Robert J. Fischer, Tom G. Schwan
Laboratory of Zoonotic Pathogens, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America
Eric Dahlstrom, Stephen F. Porcella
Rocky Mountain Laboratory Research Technologies Section, Genomics Unit, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America
Marko Zivcec, Heinz Feldmann
Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Friederike Feldmann
Rocky Mountain Veterinary Branch, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America
Jennifer M. Anderson
Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America
Luis Branco, Robert Garry
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Tulane School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America
Luis Branco
Autoimmune Technologies LLC, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DS NS TGS HF. Performed the experiments: DS NS JEL OM MZ FF EH RJF JMA VJM TGS HF. Analyzed the data: DS ED. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LB RG SFP. Wrote the paper: DS.