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Research Article

Cutaneous Distribution and Circadian Rhythm of Onchocerca lupi Microfilariae in Dogs

  • Domenico Otranto mail,

    domenico.otranto@uniba.it

    Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Bari, Italy

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  • Filipe Dantas-Torres,

    Affiliations: Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Bari, Italy, Department of Immunology, Aggeu Magalãhes Research Institute, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

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  • Alessio Giannelli,

    Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Bari, Italy

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  • Francesca Abramo,

    Affiliation: Department of Animal Pathology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy

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  • Aleksandra Ignjatović Ćupina,

    Affiliation: Faculty of Agriculture, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia

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  • Dušan Petrić,

    Affiliation: Faculty of Agriculture, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia

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  • Luís Cardoso,

    Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Sciences, School of Agrarian and Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, and Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Universidade do Porto, Oporto, Portugal

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  • Yasen Mutafchiev,

    Affiliation: Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

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  • Helder Cortes

    Affiliation: Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais Mediterrânicas, Universidade de Évora, Núcleo da Mitra, Évora, Portugal

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  • Published: December 12, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002585

About the Authors

Domenico Otranto, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Alessio Giannelli
Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Bari, Italy
Filipe Dantas-Torres
Department of Immunology, Aggeu Magalãhes Research Institute, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
Francesca Abramo
Department of Animal Pathology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
Aleksandra Ignjatović Ćupina, Dušan Petrić
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia
Luís Cardoso
Department of Veterinary Sciences, School of Agrarian and Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, and Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Universidade do Porto, Oporto, Portugal
Yasen Mutafchiev
Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
Helder Cortes
Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais Mediterrânicas, Universidade de Évora, Núcleo da Mitra, Évora, Portugal

Corresponding Author

Email: domenico.otranto@uniba.it

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DO FDT YM LC HC. Performed the experiments: DO FDT YM LC AIC DP AG HC FA. Analyzed the data: DO FDT YM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DO FDT YM LC AIC DP HC AG FA. Wrote the paper: DO FDT YM. Coordinated the research: DO.