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Research Article

Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Kyrgyzstan: Seroprevalence, Risk Factor Analysis, and Estimate of Congenital and AIDS-Related Toxoplasmosis

  • Gulnara Minbaeva equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Gulnara Minbaeva, Alexander Schweiger

    Affiliation: State Sanitary Epidemiological Department of the Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

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  • Alexander Schweiger equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Gulnara Minbaeva, Alexander Schweiger

    Affiliation: Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

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  • Aigerim Bodosheva,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

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  • Omurbek Kuttubaev,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

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  • Adrian B. Hehl,

    Affiliation: Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

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  • Isabelle Tanner,

    Affiliation: Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

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  • Iskender Ziadinov,

    Affiliation: Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

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  • Paul R. Torgerson mail,

    paul.torgerson@access.uzh.ch (PRT); deplazesp@access.uzh.ch (PD)

    Affiliation: Section of Epidemiology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

    These authors also contributed equally to this work.

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  • Peter Deplazes mail

    paul.torgerson@access.uzh.ch (PRT); deplazesp@access.uzh.ch (PD)

    Affiliation: Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

    These authors also contributed equally to this work.

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  • Published: February 07, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002043

About the Authors

Gulnara Minbaeva
State Sanitary Epidemiological Department of the Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Alexander Schweiger, Adrian B. Hehl, Isabelle Tanner, Iskender Ziadinov, Peter Deplazes
Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Aigerim Bodosheva, Omurbek Kuttubaev
Department of Biology, Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Paul R. Torgerson
Section of Epidemiology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PD PRT. Performed the experiments: GM AS AB OK ABH IT IZ. Analyzed the data: PRT AS PD. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GM AB OK IT IZ ABH. Wrote the paper: AS PD PRT ABH.