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Research Article

Cholera Outbreaks in Nigeria Are Associated with Multidrug Resistant Atypical El Tor and Non-O1/Non-O139 Vibrio cholerae

  • Michel A. Marin,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Molecular Genetics of Microorganisms, Oswaldo Cruz Institute (IOC), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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  • Cristiane C. Thompson,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Molecular Genetics of Microorganisms, Oswaldo Cruz Institute (IOC), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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  • Fernanda S. Freitas,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Molecular Genetics of Microorganisms, Oswaldo Cruz Institute (IOC), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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  • Erica L. Fonseca,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Molecular Genetics of Microorganisms, Oswaldo Cruz Institute (IOC), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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  • A. Oladipo Aboderin,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

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  • Sambo B. Zailani,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria

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  • Naa Kwarley E. Quartey,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Haverford College, Haverford, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Iruka N. Okeke,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Haverford College, Haverford, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Ana Carolina P. Vicente mail

    mfabanto@ioc.fiocruz.br

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Molecular Genetics of Microorganisms, Oswaldo Cruz Institute (IOC), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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  • Published: February 14, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002049

About the Authors

Michel A. Marin, Cristiane C. Thompson, Fernanda S. Freitas, Erica L. Fonseca, Ana Carolina P. Vicente
Laboratory of Molecular Genetics of Microorganisms, Oswaldo Cruz Institute (IOC), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
A. Oladipo Aboderin
Department of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Sambo B. Zailani
Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Naa Kwarley E. Quartey, Iruka N. Okeke
Department of Biology, Haverford College, Haverford, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: mfabanto@ioc.fiocruz.br

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MAM ACPV. Performed the experiments: MAM CCT FSF ELF AOA SBZ NKEQ. Analyzed the data: MAM CCT ELF ACPV INO. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ACPV AOA. Wrote the paper: MAM CCT ELF INO ACPV.