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Table of Contents: January 2013

COVER

A first-instar larva of Culex pipiens pallens shortly after hatching.

Image Credit: Lin Chen and Donghui Zhang (Nanjing Medical University)
Issue Image

Culex pipiens pallens is the most prevalent mosquito pest in China and an important vector of diseases including West Nile fever and lymphatic filariasis. Reproductive incompatibilities between some natural populations may be harnessed to develop eco-friendly and sustainable control strategies for mosquitoes such as this species. See Chen et al.

Viewpoints

Geographical Limits of the Southeastern Distribution of Aedes aegypti (Diptera, Culicidae) in Argentina

Leonardo M. Díaz-Nieto, Arnaldo Maciá, M. Alejandra Perotti, Corina M. Berón

Reviews

Neglected Tropical Diseases of Oceania: Review of Their Prevalence, Distribution, and Opportunities for Control

Kevin Kline, James S. McCarthy, Mark Pearson, Alex Loukas, Peter J. Hotez

Immunosuppression and Chagas Disease: A Management Challenge

María-Jesús Pinazo, Gerard Espinosa, Cristina Cortes-Lletget, Elizabeth de Jesús Posada, Edelweiss Aldasoro, Inés Oliveira, Jose Muñoz, Montserrat Gállego, Joaquim Gascon

Research Articles

T-Cell Memory Responses Elicited by Yellow Fever Vaccine are Targeted to Overlapping Epitopes Containing Multiple HLA-I and -II Binding Motifs

Andréa Barbosa de Melo, Eduardo J. M. Nascimento, Ulisses Braga-Neto, Rafael Dhalia, Ana Maria Silva, Mathias Oelke, Jonathan P. Schneck, John Sidney, Alessandro Sette, Silvia M. L. Montenegro, Ernesto T. A. Marques

Mitochondrial Genome of the Eyeworm, Thelazia callipaeda (Nematoda: Spirurida), as the First Representative from the Family Thelaziidae

Guo-Hua Liu, Robin B. Gasser, Domenico Otranto, Min-Jun Xu, Ji-Long Shen, Namitha Mohandas, Dong-Hui Zhou, Xing-Quan Zhu

African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control 1995–2015: Model-Estimated Health Impact and Cost

Luc E. Coffeng, Wilma A. Stolk, Honorat G. M. Zouré, J. Lennert Veerman, Koffi B. Agblewonu, Michele E. Murdoch, Mounkaila Noma, Grace Fobi, Jan Hendrik Richardus, Donald A. P. Bundy, Dik Habbema, Sake J. de Vlas, Uche V. Amazigo

Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Campylobacter Infections Associated with Reduced Growth in Peruvian Children

Gwenyth Lee, William Pan, Pablo Peñataro Yori, Maribel Paredes Olortegui, Drake Tilley, Michael Gregory, Richard Oberhelman, Rosa Burga, Cesar Banda Chavez, Margaret Kosek

Towards an Understanding of the Function of the Phytochelatin Synthase of Schistosoma mansoni

Coraline Rigouin, Elyse Nylin, Alexis A. Cogswell, Dirk Schaumlöffel, Dirk Dobritzsch, David L. Williams

T Lymphocytes from Chagasic Patients Are Activated but Lack Proliferative Capacity and Down-Regulate CD28 and CD3ζ

Nicolás A. Giraldo, Natalia I. Bolaños, Adriana Cuellar, Nubia Roa, Zulma Cucunubá, Fernando Rosas, Víctor Velasco, Concepción J. Puerta, John M. González

National Borders Effectively Halt the Spread of Rabies: The Current Rabies Epidemic in China Is Dislocated from Cases in Neighboring Countries

Zhenyang Guo, Xiaoyan Tao, Cuiping Yin, Na Han, Jinning Yu, Hao Li, Haizhou Liu, Wei Fang, James Adams, Jun Wang, Guodong Liang, Qing Tang, Simon Rayner

Multiplex Real-Time PCR Diagnostic of Relapsing Fevers in Africa

Haitham Elbir, Mireille Henry, Georges Diatta, Oleg Mediannikov, Cheikh Sokhna, Adama Tall, Cristina Socolovschi, Sally J. Cutler, Kassahum D. Bilcha, Jemal Ali, Dayana Campelo, Steven C. Barker, Didier Raoult, Michel Drancourt

O'nyong nyong Virus Molecular Determinants of Unique Vector Specificity Reside in Non-Structural Protein 3

Kali D. Saxton-Shaw, Jeremy P. Ledermann, Erin M. Borland, Janae L. Stovall, Eric C. Mossel, Amber J. Singh, Jeffrey Wilusz, Ann M. Powers

A Single Multilocus Sequence Typing (MLST) Scheme for Seven Pathogenic Leptospira Species

Siriphan Boonsilp, Janjira Thaipadungpanit, Premjit Amornchai, Vanaporn Wuthiekanun, Mark S. Bailey, Matthew T. G. Holden, Cuicai Zhang, Xiugao Jiang, Nobuo Koizumi, Kyle Taylor, Renee Galloway, Alex R. Hoffmaster, Scott Craig, Lee D. Smythe, Rudy A. Hartskeerl, Nicholas P. Day, Narisara Chantratita, Edward J. Feil, David M. Aanensen, Brian G. Spratt, Sharon J. Peacock

Towards Rational Use of Antibiotics for Suspected Secondary Infections in Buruli Ulcer Patients

Yves T. Barogui, Sandor Klis, Honoré Sourou Bankolé, Ghislain E. Sopoh, Solomon Mamo, Lamine Baba-Moussa, Willem L. Manson, Roch Christian Johnson, Tjip S. van der Werf, Ymkje Stienstra

Implementation of a National Reference Laboratory for Buruli Ulcer Disease in Togo

Marcus Beissner, Kristina Lydia Huber, Kossi Badziklou, Wemboo Afiwa Halatoko, Issaka Maman, Felix Vogel, Bawimodom Bidjada, Koffi Somenou Awoussi, Ebekalisai Piten, Kerstin Helfrich, Carolin Mengele, Jörg Nitschke, Komi Amekuse, Franz Xaver Wiedemann, Adolf Diefenhardt, Basile Kobara, Karl–Heinz Herbinger, Abiba Banla Kere, Mireille Prince-David, Thomas Löscher, Gisela Bretzel

Coverage and Effectiveness of Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD) Vaccine in Karnataka, South India, 2005–10

Gudadappa S. Kasabi, Manoj V. Murhekar, Vijay K. Sandhya, Ramappa Raghunandan, Shivani K. Kiran, Gowdra H. Channabasappa, Sanjay M. Mehendale

Increasing Incidence of Plasmodium knowlesi Malaria following Control of P. falciparum and P. vivax Malaria in Sabah, Malaysia

Timothy William, Hasan A. Rahman, Jenarun Jelip, Mohammad Y. Ibrahim, Jayaram Menon, Matthew J. Grigg, Tsin W. Yeo, Nicholas M. Anstey, Bridget E. Barber

Polymorphism in the HASPB Repeat Region of East African Leishmania donovani Strains

Arie Zackay, Abdelmajeed Nasereddin, Yegnasew Takele, Dagimawie Tadesse, Workagegnehu Hailu, Zewdu Hurissa, Sisay Yifru, Teklu Weldegebreal, Ermias Diro, Aysheshm Kassahun, Asrat Hailu, Charles L. Jaffe

Arginase Activity in the Blood of Patients with Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV Infection

Yegnasew Takele, Tamrat Abebe, Teklu Weldegebreal, Asrat Hailu, Workagegnehu Hailu, Zewdu Hurissa, Jemal Ali, Ermiyas Diro, Yifru Sisay, Tom Cloke, Manuel Modolell, Markus Munder, Fabienne Tacchini-Cottier, Ingrid Müller, Pascale Kropf

Frequent In-Migration and Highly Focal Transmission of Dengue Viruses among Children in Kamphaeng Phet, Thailand

Maia A. Rabaa, Chonticha Klungthong, In-Kyu Yoon, Edward C. Holmes, Piyawan Chinnawirotpisan, Butsaya Thaisomboonsuk, Anon Srikiatkhachorn, Alan L. Rothman, Darunee Tannitisupawong, Jared Aldstadt, Ananda Nisalak, Mammen P. Mammen, Robert V. Gibbons, Timothy P. Endy, Thanyalak Fansiri, Thomas W. Scott, Richard G. Jarman

Point-of-Care Laboratory of Pathogen Diagnosis in Rural Senegal

Cheikh Sokhna, Oleg Mediannikov, Florence Fenollar, Hubert Bassene, Georges Diatta, Adama Tall, Jean-François Trape, Michel Drancourt, Didier Raoult

Analytical Performance of a Multiplex Real-Time PCR Assay Using TaqMan Probes for Quantification of Trypanosoma cruzi Satellite DNA in Blood Samples

Tomas Duffy, Carolina I. Cura, Juan C. Ramirez, Teresa Abate, Nelly M. Cayo, Rudy Parrado, Zoraida Diaz Bello, Elsa Velazquez, Arturo Muñoz-Calderon, Natalia A. Juiz, Joaquín Basile, Lineth Garcia, Adelina Riarte, Julio R. Nasser, Susana B. Ocampo, Zaida E. Yadon, Faustino Torrico, Belkisyole Alarcón de Noya, Isabela Ribeiro, Alejandro G. Schijman

Field Cage Studies and Progressive Evaluation of Genetically-Engineered Mosquitoes

Luca Facchinelli, Laura Valerio, Janine M. Ramsey, Fred Gould, Rachael K. Walsh, Guillermo Bond, Michael A. Robert, Alun L. Lloyd, Anthony A. James, Luke Alphey, Thomas W. Scott

The Laboratory Diagnosis and Follow Up of Strongyloidiasis: A Systematic Review

Ana Requena-Méndez, Peter Chiodini, Zeno Bisoffi, Dora Buonfrate, Eduardo Gotuzzo, José Muñoz

Syndromic Algorithms for Detection of Gambiense Human African Trypanosomiasis in South Sudan

Jennifer J. Palmer, Elizeous I. Surur, Garang W. Goch, Mangar A. Mayen, Andreas K. Lindner, Anne Pittet, Serena Kasparian, Francesco Checchi, Christopher J. M. Whitty

Chikungunya Fever: A Clinical and Virological Investigation of Outpatients on Reunion Island, South-West Indian Ocean

Simon-Djamel Thiberville, Veronique Boisson, Jean Gaudart, Fabrice Simon, Antoine Flahault, Xavier de Lamballerie

Bispidine-Amino Acid Conjugates Act as a Novel Scaffold for the Design of Antivirals That Block Japanese Encephalitis Virus Replication

V. Haridas, Kullampalayam Shanmugam Rajgokul, Sandhya Sadanandan, Tanvi Agrawal, Vats Sharvani, M. V. S. Gopalakrishna, M. B. Bijesh, Kanhaiya Lal Kumawat, Anirban Basu, Guruprasad R. Medigeshi

Naphthoquinone Derivatives Exert Their Antitrypanosomal Activity via a Multi-Target Mechanism

Simone Pieretti, Jurgen R. Haanstra, Muriel Mazet, Remo Perozzo, Christian Bergamini, Federica Prati, Romana Fato, Giorgio Lenaz, Giovanni Capranico, Reto Brun, Barbara M. Bakker, Paul A. M. Michels, Leonardo Scapozza, Maria Laura Bolognesi, Andrea Cavalli

Perceptions on the Effectiveness of Treatment and the Timeline of Buruli Ulcer Influence Pre-Hospital Delay Reported by Healthy Individuals

Marike Alferink, Tjip S. van der Werf, Ghislain E. Sopoh, Didier C. Agossadou, Yves T. Barogui, Frederic Assouto, Chantal Agossadou, Roy E. Stewart, Ymkje Stienstra, Adelita V. Ranchor

PARK2 Mediates Interleukin 6 and Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein 1 Production by Human Macrophages

Louis de Léséleuc, Marianna Orlova, Aurelie Cobat, Manon Girard, Nguyen Thu Huong, Nguyen Ngoc Ba, Nguyen Van Thuc, Richard Truman, John S. Spencer, Linda Adams, Vu Hong Thai, Alexandre Alcais, Erwin Schurr

A Multiplex PCR for the Simultaneous Detection and Genotyping of the Echinococcus granulosus Complex

Ghalia Boubaker, Natalia Macchiaroli, Laura Prada, Marcela A. Cucher, Mara C. Rosenzvit, Iskender Ziadinov, Peter Deplazes, Urmas Saarma, Hamouda Babba, Bruno Gottstein, Markus Spiliotis

Antigenicity and Diagnostic Potential of Vaccine Candidates in Human Chagas Disease

Shivali Gupta, Xianxiu Wan, Maria P. Zago, Valena C. Martinez Sellers, Trevor S. Silva, Dadjah Assiah, Monisha Dhiman, Sonia Nuñez, John R. Petersen, Juan C. Vázquez-Chagoyán, Jose G. Estrada-Franco, Nisha Jain Garg

Utilities and Limitations of the World Health Organization 2009 Warning Signs for Adult Dengue Severity

Tun-Linn Thein, Victor C. Gan, David C. Lye, Chee-Fu Yung, Yee-Sin Leo

Comparison of the Pathogenicity of Nipah Virus Isolates from Bangladesh and Malaysia in the Syrian Hamster

Blair L. DeBuysscher, Emmie de Wit, Vincent J. Munster, Dana Scott, Heinz Feldmann, Joseph Prescott

Population Genetic Structure of Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (L.) at a Micro-Spatial Scale in Thailand: Implications for a Dengue Suppression Strategy

Phanthip Olanratmanee, Pattamaporn Kittayapong, Chitti Chansang, Ary A. Hoffmann, Andrew R. Weeks, Nancy M. Endersby

A Monoclonal Antibody-Based Copro-ELISA Kit for Canine Echinococcosis to Support the PAHO Effort for Hydatid Disease Control in South America

Noelia Morel, Gabriel Lassabe, Susana Elola, Mauricio Bondad, Silvia Herrera, Carlos Marí, Jerold A. Last, Oscar Jensen, Gualberto Gonzalez-Sapienza

The Easiest Children to Reach Are Most Likely to Be Infected with Ocular Chlamydia trachomatis in Trachoma Endemic Areas of Niger

Abdou Amza, Boubacar Kadri, Baido Nassirou, Sun N. Yu, Nicole E. Stoller, Satasuk J. Bhosai, Zhaoxia Zhou, Charles E. McCulloch, Sheila K. West, Robin L. Bailey, Jeremy D. Keenan, Thomas M. Lietman, Bruce D. Gaynor

Functional Mapping of Protein Kinase A Reveals Its Importance in Adult Schistosoma mansoni Motor Activity

Paulu S. R. de Saram, Margarida Ressurreição, Angela J. Davies, David Rollinson, Aidan M. Emery, Anthony J. Walker

Risk Factors and Predictors of Severe Leptospirosis in New Caledonia

Sarah Tubiana, Marc Mikulski, Jérôme Becam, Flore Lacassin, Patrick Lefèvre, Ann-Claire Gourinat, Cyrille Goarant, Eric D'Ortenzio

Evaluation of rK39 Rapid Diagnostic Tests for Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis: Longitudinal Study and Meta-Analysis

Rupert J. Quinnell, Connor Carson, Richard Reithinger, Lourdes M. Garcez, Orin Courtenay

Cerebral Toxoplasmosis Mimicking Subacute Meningitis in HIV-Infected Patients; a Cohort Study from Indonesia

A. Rizal Ganiem, Sofiati Dian, Agnes Indriati, Lidya Chaidir, Rudi Wisaksana, Patrick Sturm, Willem Melchers, Andre van der Ven, Ida Parwati, Reinout van Crevel

Monitoring of Mass Distribution Interventions for Trachoma in Plateau State, Nigeria

Elizabeth A. Cromwell, Jonathan D. King, Scott McPherson, Falam N. Jip, Amy E. Patterson, Aryc W. Mosher, Darin S. Evans, Paul M. Emerson

Detection of Leishmania RNA Virus in Leishmania Parasites

Haroun Zangger, Catherine Ronet, Chantal Desponds, F. Matthew Kuhlmann, John Robinson, Mary-Anne Hartley, Florence Prevel, Patrik Castiglioni, Francine Pratlong, Patrick Bastien, Norbert Müller, Laurent Parmentier, Nancy Gore Saravia, Stephen M. Beverley, Nicolas Fasel

Common Host-Derived Chemicals Increase Catches of Disease-Transmitting Mosquitoes and Can Improve Early Warning Systems for Rift Valley Fever Virus

David P. Tchouassi, Rosemary Sang, Catherine L. Sole, Armanda D. S. Bastos, Peter E. A. Teal, Christian Borgemeister, Baldwyn Torto

A FRET-Based Real-Time PCR Assay to Identify the Main Causal Agents of New World Tegumentary Leishmaniasis

Pablo Tsukayama, Jorge H. Núñez, Maxy De Los Santos, Valeria Soberón, Carmen M. Lucas, Greg Matlashewski, Alejandro Llanos-Cuentas, Marianela Ore, G. Christian Baldeviano, Kimberly A. Edgel, Andres G. Lescano, Paul C. F. Graf, David J. Bacon

Non-Invasive In Vivo Study of the Trypanosoma vivax Infectious Process Consolidates the Brain Commitment in Late Infections

Simon D'Archivio, Alain Cosson, Mathieu Medina, Thierry Lang, Paola Minoprio, Sophie Goyard

Orientia tsutsugamushi Subverts Dendritic Cell Functions by Escaping from Autophagy and Impairing Their Migration

Ji-Hye Choi, Taek-Chin Cheong, Na-Young Ha, Youngho Ko, Chung-Hyun Cho, Ju-Hong Jeon, Insuk So, In-Kyu Kim, Myung-Sik Choi, Ik-Sang Kim, Nam-Hyuk Cho

Molecular Detection of Ehrlichia canis in Dogs in Malaysia

Mojgan Nazari, Sue Yee Lim, Mahira Watanabe, Reuben S. K. Sharma, Nadzariah A. B. Y. Cheng, Malaika Watanabe

Modeling the Impact and Costs of Semiannual Mass Drug Administration for Accelerated Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis

Wilma A. Stolk, Quirine A. ten Bosch, Sake J. de Vlas, Peter U. Fischer, Gary J. Weil, Ann S. Goldman

Human Alveolar Echinococcosis in Poland: 1990–2011

Wacław L. Nahorski, Józef P. Knap, Zbigniew S. Pawłowski, Marek Krawczyk, Jerzy Polański, Jerzy Stefaniak, Waldemar Patkowski, Beata Szostakowska, Halina Pietkiewicz, Anna Grzeszczuk, Iwona Felczak-Korzybska, Elżbieta Gołąb, Natalia Wnukowska, Małgorzata Paul, Elżbieta Kacprzak, Elżbieta Sokolewicz-Bobrowska, Jolanta Niścigorska-Olsen, Aleksandra Czyrznikowska, Lidia Chomicz, Danuta Cielecka, Przemysław Myjak