# wombat urls ß PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases: A Peer-Reviewed Open-Access Journal
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Table of Contents: April 2013

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In Africa, school-aged boys most frequently handle the family dog. These boys usually present the dogs for vaccination during rabies immunization campaigns. In Mpophomeni, a group of local volunteers conduct obedience and agility training for the boys and their dogs, which improves animal welfare and socialization. This training may lead to a decreased incidence of dog bite in a community through behavioral changes in both humans and canines. (See Hergert and Nel.)

Editorial

Neurocysticercosis—More Than a Neglected Disease

Theodore E. Nash, Siddhartha Mahanty, Hector H. Garcia

Viewpoints

Release-Recapture Studies Confirm Dispersal of Glossina palpalis gambiensis between River Basins in Mali

Marc J. B. Vreysen, Thomas Balenghien, Khalfan M. Saleh, Sadou Maiga, Zowinde Koudougou, Giuliano Cecchi, Jérémy Bouyer

Policy Platform

A Success Story: Togo Is Moving toward Becoming the First Sub-Saharan African Nation to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis through Mass Drug Administration and Countrywide Morbidity Alleviation

Yao K. Sodahlon, Ameyo Monique Dorkenoo, Kodjo Morgah, Komlan Nabiliou, Kossivi Agbo, Rebecca Miller, Michel Datagni, Anders Seim, Els Mathieu

Research Articles

Uncertainty Surrounding Projections of the Long-Term Impact of Ivermectin Treatment on Human Onchocerciasis

Hugo C. Turner, Thomas S. Churcher, Martin Walker, Mike Y. Osei-Atweneboana, Roger K. Prichard, María-Gloria Basáñez

Transcriptional Profiling of the Circulating Immune Response to Lassa Virus in an Aerosol Model of Exposure

Shikha Malhotra, Judy Y. Yen, Anna N. Honko, Sara Garamszegi, Ignacio S. Caballero, Joshua C. Johnson, Eric M. Mucker, John C. Trefry, Lisa E. Hensley, John H. Connor

Mode of Death on Chagas Heart Disease: Comparison with Other Etiologies. A Subanalysis of the REMADHE Prospective Trial

Silvia M. Ayub-Ferreira, Sandrigo Mangini, Victor S. Issa, Fátima D. Cruz, Fernando Bacal, Guilherme V. Guimarães, Paulo R. Chizzola, Germano E. Conceição-Souza, Fabiana G. Marcondes-Braga, Edimar A. Bocchi

Prevalence of Latent and Active Tuberculosis among Dairy Farm Workers Exposed to Cattle Infected by Mycobacterium bovis

Pedro Torres-Gonzalez, Orbelin Soberanis-Ramos, Areli Martinez-Gamboa, Barbara Chavez-Mazari, Ma Teresa Barrios-Herrera, Martha Torres-Rojas, Luis Pablo Cruz-Hervert, Lourdes Garcia-Garcia, Mahavir Singh, Adrian Gonzalez-Aguirre, Alfredo Ponce de Leon-Garduño, José Sifuentes-Osornio, Miriam Bobadilla-del-Valle

LABCG2, a New ABC Transporter Implicated in Phosphatidylserine Exposure, Is Involved in the Infectivity and Pathogenicity of Leishmania

Jenny Campos-Salinas, David León-Guerrero, Elena González-Rey, Mario Delgado, Santiago Castanys, José M. Pérez-Victoria, Francisco Gamarro

False Positivity of Non-Targeted Infections in Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Tests: The Case of Human African Trypanosomiasis

Philippe Gillet, Dieudonné Mumba Ngoyi, Albert Lukuka, Viktor Kande, Benjamin Atua, Johan van Griensven, Jean-Jacques Muyembe, Jan Jacobs, Veerle Lejon

Factors Associated with Visceral Leishmaniasis in the Americas: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Vinícius Silva Belo, Guilherme Loureiro Werneck, David Soeiro Barbosa, Taynãna César Simões, Bruno Warlley Leandro Nascimento, Eduardo Sérgio da Silva, Claudio José Struchiner

Phage Therapy Is Effective against Infection by Mycobacterium ulcerans in a Murine Footpad Model

Gabriela Trigo, Teresa G. Martins, Alexandra G. Fraga, Adhemar Longatto-Filho, António G. Castro, Joana Azeredo, Jorge Pedrosa

Second International Diagnostic Accuracy Study for the Serological Detection of West Nile Virus Infection

Andrea Sanchini, Oliver Donoso-Mantke, Anna Papa, Vittorio Sambri, Anette Teichmann, Matthias Niedrig

Socio-Economic and Cultural Determinants of Human African Trypanosomiasis at the Kenya – Uganda Transboundary

Jane Jemeli Rutto, Odipo Osano, Elias Gitonga Thuranira, Richard Kiptum Kurgat, Victor Agab Omondi Odenyo

Phlebotomus orientalis Sand Flies from Two Geographically Distant Ethiopian Localities: Biology, Genetic Analyses and Susceptibility to Leishmania donovani

Veronika Seblova, Vera Volfova, Vit Dvorak, Katerina Pruzinova, Jan Votypka, Aysheshm Kassahun, Teshome Gebre-Michael, Asrat Hailu, Alon Warburg, Petr Volf

Sulfated Polysaccharide, Curdlan Sulfate, Efficiently Prevents Entry/Fusion and Restricts Antibody-Dependent Enhancement of Dengue Virus Infection In Vitro: A Possible Candidate for Clinical Application

Koji Ichiyama, Sindhoora Bhargavi Gopala Reddy, Li Feng Zhang, Wei Xin Chin, Tegshi Muschin, Lars Heinig, Youichi Suzuki, Haraprasad Nanjundappa, Yoshiyuki Yoshinaka, Akihide Ryo, Nobuo Nomura, Eng Eong Ooi, Subhash G. Vasudevan, Takashi Yoshida, Naoki Yamamoto

Fluctuations at a Low Mean Temperature Accelerate Dengue Virus Transmission by Aedes aegypti

Lauren B. Carrington, M. Veronica Armijos, Louis Lambrechts, Thomas W. Scott

Factors Affecting the Propensity of Tsetse Flies to Enter Houses and Attack Humans Inside: Increased Risk of Sleeping Sickness in Warmer Climates

Glyn A. Vale, John W. Hargrove, Andrew Chamisa, David R. Hall, Clement Mangwiro, Stephen J. Torr

Mechanisms Involved in the Nociception Triggered by the Venom of the Armed Spider Phoneutria nigriventer

Camila Gewehr, Sara Marchesan Oliveira, Mateus Fortes Rossato, Gabriela Trevisan, Gerusa Duarte Dalmolin, Flávia Karine Rigo, Célio José de Castro Júnior, Marta Nascimento Cordeiro, Juliano Ferreira, Marcus V. Gomez

A Qualitative Study Exploring Barriers Related to Use of Footwear in Rural Highland Ethiopia: Implications for Neglected Tropical Disease Control

Desta Ayode, Colleen M. McBride, Hendrik D. de Heer, Emi Watanabe, Tsega Gebreyesus, Abebayehu Tora, Getnet Tadele, Gail Davey

Single-Reaction, Multiplex, Real-Time RT-PCR for the Detection, Quantitation, and Serotyping of Dengue Viruses

Jesse J. Waggoner, Janaki Abeynayake, Malaya K. Sahoo, Lionel Gresh, Yolanda Tellez, Karla Gonzalez, Gabriela Ballesteros, Anna M. Pierro, Paolo Gaibani, Frances P. Guo, Vittorio Sambri, Angel Balmaseda, Kumudu Karunaratne, Eva Harris, Benjamin A. Pinsky

Whole Genome Sequence of the Treponema Fribourg-Blanc: Unspecified Simian Isolate Is Highly Similar to the Yaws Subspecies

Marie Zobaníková, Michal Strouhal, Lenka Mikalová, Darina Čejková, Lenka Ambrožová, Petra Pospíšilová, Lucinda L. Fulton, Lei Chen, Erica Sodergren, George M. Weinstock, David Šmajs

Protective Role of Acetylsalicylic Acid in Experimental Trypanosoma cruzi Infection: Evidence of a 15-epi-Lipoxin A4-Mediated Effect

Alfredo Molina-Berríos, Carolina Campos-Estrada, Natalia Henriquez, Mario Faúndez, Gloria Torres, Christian Castillo, Sebastián Escanilla, Ulrike Kemmerling, Antonio Morello, Rodrigo A. López-Muñoz, Juan D. Maya

Development of Novel Prime-Boost Strategies Based on a Tri-Gene Fusion Recombinant L. tarentolae Vaccine against Experimental Murine Visceral Leishmaniasis

Noushin Saljoughian, Tahereh Taheri, Farnaz Zahedifard, Yasaman Taslimi, Fatemeh Doustdari, Azam Bolhassani, Delaram Doroud, Hiva Azizi, Kazem Heidari, Mohammad Vasei, Nabiollah Namvar Asl, Barbara Papadopoulou, Sima Rafati

Dual African Origins of Global Aedes aegypti s.l. Populations Revealed by Mitochondrial DNA

Michelle Moore, Massamba Sylla, Laura Goss, Marion Warigia Burugu, Rosemary Sang, Luna W. Kamau, Eucharia Unoma Kenya, Chris Bosio, Maria de Lourdes Munoz, Maria Sharakova, William Cormack Black

Viperin Is Induced following Dengue Virus Type-2 (DENV-2) Infection and Has Anti-viral Actions Requiring the C-terminal End of Viperin

Karla J. Helbig, Jillian M. Carr, Julie K. Calvert, Satiya Wati, Jennifer N. Clarke, Nicholas S. Eyre, Sumudu K. Narayana, Guillaume N. Fiches, Erin M. McCartney, Michael R. Beard

Characterization of Rift Valley Fever Virus MP-12 Strain Encoding NSs of Punta Toro Virus or Sandfly Fever Sicilian Virus

Olga A. Lihoradova, Sabarish V. Indran, Birte Kalveram, Nandadeva Lokugamage, Jennifer A. Head, Bin Gong, Bersabeh Tigabu, Terry L. Juelich, Alexander N. Freiberg, Tetsuro Ikegami

Elimination of Iron Deficiency Anemia and Soil Transmitted Helminth Infection: Evidence from a Fifty-four Month Iron-Folic Acid and De-worming Program

Gerard J. Casey, Antonio Montresor, Luca T. Cavalli-Sforza, Hoang Thu, Luong B. Phu, Ta T. Tinh, Nong T. Tien, Tran Q. Phuc, Beverley-Ann Biggs

Intensified Surveillance and Insecticide-based Control of the Chagas Disease Vector Triatoma infestans in the Argentinean Chaco

Juan M. Gurevitz, María Sol Gaspe, Gustavo F. Enriquez, Yael M. Provecho, Uriel Kitron, Ricardo E. Gürtler

Onchocerciasis: The Pre-control Association between Prevalence of Palpable Nodules and Skin Microfilariae

Luc E. Coffeng, Sébastien D. S. Pion, Simon O'Hanlon, Simon Cousens, Adenike O. Abiose, Peter U. Fischer, Jan H. F. Remme, K. Yankum Dadzie, Michele E. Murdoch, Sake J. de Vlas, María-Gloria Basáñez, Wilma A. Stolk, Michel Boussinesq

Phylogeographical Studies of Ascaris spp. Based on Ribosomal and Mitochondrial DNA Sequences

Serena Cavallero, Viliam Snabel, Francesca Pacella, Vitantonio Perrone, Stefano D'Amelio

Genetic Diversity and Geographic Distribution of Genetically Distinct Rabies Viruses in the Philippines

Mariko Saito, Hitoshi Oshitani, Jun Ryan C. Orbina, Kentaro Tohma, Alice S. de Guzman, Taro Kamigaki, Catalino S. Demetria, Daria L. Manalo, Akira Noguchi, Satoshi Inoue, Beatriz P. Quiambao

Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Cholera during the First Year of the Epidemic in Haiti

Jean Gaudart, Stanislas Rebaudet, Robert Barrais, Jacques Boncy, Benoit Faucher, Martine Piarroux, Roc Magloire, Gabriel Thimothe, Renaud Piarroux

Nasal, Oral and Ear Swabs for Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis Diagnosis: New Practical Approaches for Detection of Leishmania infantum DNA

Sidney de Almeida Ferreira, Gregório Guilherme Almeida, Soraia de Oliveira Silva, Gabriela Peixoto Vogas, Ricardo Toshio Fujiwara, Antero Silva Ribeiro de Andrade, Maria Norma Melo

Circulation of Japanese Encephalitis Virus in Pigs and Mosquito Vectors within Can Tho City, Vietnam

Johanna F. Lindahl, Karl Ståhl, Jan Chirico, Sofia Boqvist, Ho Thi Viet Thu, Ulf Magnusson

High Content Analysis of Primary Macrophages Hosting Proliferating Leishmania Amastigotes: Application to Anti-leishmanial Drug Discovery

Nathalie Aulner, Anne Danckaert, Eline Rouault-Hardoin, Julie Desrivot, Olivier Helynck, Pierre-Henri Commere, Hélène Munier-Lehmann, Gerald F. Späth, Spencer L. Shorte, Geneviève Milon, Eric Prina

Rosetting in Plasmodium vivax: A Cytoadhesion Phenotype Associated with Anaemia

Alejandro Marín-Menéndez, Azucena Bardají, Flor E. Martínez-Espinosa, Camila Bôtto-Menezes, Marcus V. Lacerda, Jon Ortiz, Pau Cisteró, Mireia Piqueras, Ingrid Felger, Ivo Müeller, Jaume Ordi, Hernando del Portillo, Clara Menéndez, Mats Wahlgren, Alfredo Mayor

Aerosol Exposure to Rift Valley Fever Virus Causes Earlier and More Severe Neuropathology in the Murine Model, which Has Important Implications for Therapeutic Development

Christopher Reed, Kenny Lin, Catherine Wilhelmsen, Brian Friedrich, Aysegul Nalca, Ashley Keeney, Ginger Donnelly, Joshua Shamblin, Lisa E. Hensley, Gene Olinger, Darci R. Smith

Indirect Immunofluorescence Assay for the Simultaneous Detection of Antibodies against Clinically Important Old and New World Hantaviruses

Sabine Lederer, Erik Lattwein, Merle Hanke, Karen Sonnenberg, Winfried Stoecker, Åke Lundkvist, Antti Vaheri, Olli Vapalahti, Paul K. S. Chan, Heinz Feldmann, Daryl Dick, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Paula Padula, Pablo A. Vial, Raluca Panculescu-Gatej, Cornelia Ceianu, Paul Heyman, Tatjana Avšič-Županc, Matthias Niedrig

Virus-Specific Differences in Rates of Disease during the 2010 Dengue Epidemic in Puerto Rico

Tyler M. Sharp, Elizabeth Hunsperger, Gilberto A. Santiago, Jorge L. Muñoz-Jordan, Luis M. Santiago, Aidsa Rivera, Rosa L. Rodríguez-Acosta, Lorenzo Gonzalez Feliciano, Harold S. Margolis, Kay M. Tomashek

Combined TLR7/8 and TLR9 Ligands Potentiate the Activity of a Schistosoma japonicum DNA Vaccine

Xuefeng Wang, Liyang Dong, Hongchang Ni, Sha Zhou, Zhipeng Xu, Jason Shih Hoellwarth, Xiaojun Chen, Rongbo Zhang, Qiaoyun Chen, Feng Liu, Jun Wang, Chuan Su