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Table of Contents: June 2013

COVER

Endemic visceral leishmaniasis in India

Image Credit: Greg Matlashewski
Issue Image

A poster on a tree in a village in Bihar, India, provides information about visceral leishmaniasis and what to do if someone has chronic fever. Diagnosis and treatment are free at the local primary health care center. See Matlashewski et al.

Editorial

Ears of the Armadillo: Global Health Research and Neglected Diseases in Texas

Jon Andrus, Maria Elena Bottazzi, Jennifer Chow, Karen A. Goraleski, Susan P. Fisher-Hoch, Jocelyn K. Lambuth, Bruce Y. Lee, Harold S. Margolis, Joseph B. McCormick, Peter Melby, Kristy O. Murray, Rebeca Rico-Hesse, Jesus G. Valenzuela, Peter J. Hotez

Viewpoints

One More Death from Visceral Leishmaniasis Has Gone by Unnoticed. What Can Be Done?

Greg Matlashewski, Ravindra Pandey, Vidyanand Das, Pradeep Das

Extrinsic Incubation Period of Dengue: Knowledge, Backlog, and Applications of Temperature Dependence

Nils Benjamin Tjaden, Stephanie Margarete Thomas, Dominik Fischer, Carl Beierkuhnlein

The Need for Full Integration of Snakebite Envenoming within a Global Strategy to Combat the Neglected Tropical Diseases: The Way Forward

José María Gutiérrez, David A. Warrell, David J. Williams, Simon Jensen, Nicholas Brown, Juan J. Calvete, Robert A. Harrison , for the Global Snakebite Initiative

Dams and Disease Triggers on the Lower Mekong River

Alan D. Ziegler, Trevor N. Petney, Carl Grundy-Warr, Ross H. Andrews, Ian G. Baird, Robert J. Wasson, Paiboon Sithithaworn

Photo Quiz

Pulmonary Infiltrates and Eosinophilia in a 25-Year-Old Traveler

Jose Muñoz, Edelweiss Aldasoro, Maria Jesús Pinazo, Pedro Arguis, Joaquim Gascon

Research Articles

Diagnosis of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Bihar India: Comparison of the rK39 Rapid Diagnostic Test on Whole Blood Versus Serum

Greg Matlashewski, Vidya Nand Ravi Das, Krishna Pandey, Dharmendra Singh, Sushmita Das, Ayan Kumar Ghosh, Ravindra Nath Pandey, Pradeep Das

Rabies Risk: Difficulties Encountered during Management of Grouped Cases of Bat Bites in 2 Isolated Villages in French Guiana

Franck Berger, Noëlle Desplanches, Sylvie Baillargeaux, Michel Joubert, Manuelle Miller, Florence Ribadeau-Dumas, André Spiegel, Hervé Bourhy

Sensitivity and Specificity of a New Vertical Flow Rapid Diagnostic Test for the Serodiagnosis of Human Leptospirosis

Cyrille Goarant, Pascale Bourhy, Eric D'Ortenzio, Sylvie Dartevelle, Carine Mauron, Marie-Estelle Soupé-Gilbert, Lilian Bruyère-Ostells, Ann-Claire Gourinat, Mathieu Picardeau, Faridabano Nato, Suzanne Chanteau

Evaluation of an Electricity-free, Culture-based Approach for Detecting Typhoidal Salmonella Bacteremia during Enteric Fever in a High Burden, Resource-limited Setting

Jason R. Andrews, Krishna G. Prajapati, Elizabeth Eypper, Poojan Shrestha, Mila Shakya, Kamal R. Pathak, Niva Joshi, Priyanka Tiwari, Manisha Risal, Samir Koirala, Abhilasha Karkey, Sabina Dongol, Shawn Wen, Amy B. Smith, Duncan Maru, Buddha Basnyat, Stephen Baker, Jeremy Farrar, Edward T. Ryan, Elizabeth Hohmann, Amit Arjyal

An Adult Mouse Model of Vibrio cholerae-induced Diarrhea for Studying Pathogenesis and Potential Therapy of Cholera

Sutthipong Sawasvirojwong, Potjanee Srimanote, Varanuj Chatsudthipong, Chatchai Muanprasat

Immunoprotection of Mice against Schistosomiasis Mansoni Using Solubilized Membrane Antigens

Guidenn Sulbarán, Oscar Noya, Beatríz Brito, Diana E. Ballén, Italo M. Cesari

Bacillus thuringiensis-derived Cry5B Has Potent Anthelmintic Activity against Ascaris suum

Joseph F. Urban Jr, Yan Hu, Melanie M. Miller, Ulrike Scheib, Ying Y. Yiu, Raffi V. Aroian

Ecology of Leptospira interrogans in Norway Rats (Rattus norvegicus) in an Inner-City Neighborhood of Vancouver, Canada

Chelsea G. Himsworth, Julie Bidulka, Kirbee L. Parsons, Alice Y. T. Feng, Patrick Tang, Claire M. Jardine, Thomas Kerr, Sunny Mak, John Robinson, David M. Patrick

Housefly Population Density Correlates with Shigellosis among Children in Mirzapur, Bangladesh: A Time Series Analysis

Tamer H. Farag, Abu S. Faruque, Yukun Wu, Sumon K. Das, Anowar Hossain, Shahnawaz Ahmed, Dilruba Ahmed, Dilruba Nasrin, Karen L. Kotloff, Sandra Panchilangam, James P. Nataro, Dani Cohen, William C. Blackwelder, Myron M. Levine

Phylogenetic Analysis Reveals a High Prevalence of Sporothrix brasiliensis in Feline Sporotrichosis Outbreaks

Anderson Messias Rodrigues, Marcus de Melo Teixeira, G. Sybren de Hoog, Tânia Maria Pacheco Schubach, Sandro Antonio Pereira, Geisa Ferreira Fernandes, Leila Maria Lopes Bezerra, Maria Sueli Felipe, Zoilo Pires de Camargo

Spatiotemporal Patterns of Japanese Encephalitis in China, 2002–2010

Li-Ya Wang, Wen-Yi Zhang, Fan Ding, Wen-Biao Hu, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes, Hai-Long Sun, Yi-Xing Li, Wen Zou, Yong Wang, Qi-Yong Liu, Shen-Long Li, Wen-Wu Yin, Liu-Yu Huang, Archie C. A. Clements, Peng Bi, Cheng-Yi Li

Is Zinc Concentration in Toxic Phase Plasma Related to Dengue Severity and Level of Transaminases?

Kamolwish Laoprasopwattana, Chonthicha Tangcheewawatthanakul, Wanutsanun Tunyapanit, Rassamee Sangthong

Mass Treatment with Azithromycin for Trachoma: When Is One Round Enough? Results from the PRET Trial in The Gambia

Emma M. Harding-Esch, Ansumana Sillah, Tansy Edwards, Sarah E. Burr, John D. Hart, Hassan Joof, Mass Laye, Pateh Makalo, Ahmed Manjang, Sandra Molina, Isatou Sarr-Sissoho, Thomas C. Quinn, Tom Lietman, Martin J. Holland, David Mabey, Sheila K. West, Robin Bailey , on behalf of the Partnership for Rapid Elimination of Trachoma (PRET) study group

Aedes Mosquito Saliva Modulates Rift Valley Fever Virus Pathogenicity

Alain Le Coupanec, Divya Babin, Laurence Fiette, Grégory Jouvion, Patrick Ave, Dorothee Misse, Michèle Bouloy, Valerie Choumet

Geographic Distribution, Age Pattern and Sites of Lesions in a Cohort of Buruli Ulcer Patients from the Mapé Basin of Cameroon

Martin W. Bratschi, Miriam Bolz, Jacques C. Minyem, Leticia Grize, Fidèle G. Wantong, Sarah Kerber, Earnest Njih Tabah, Marie-Thérèse Ruf, Ferdinand Mou, Djeunga Noumen, Alphonse Um Boock, Gerd Pluschke

Genetic Structure and Evolution of the Leishmania Genus in Africa and Eurasia: What Does MLSA Tell Us

Fouad El Baidouri, Laure Diancourt, Vincent Berry, François Chevenet, Francine Pratlong, Pierre Marty, Christophe Ravel

Antimicrobial Action of the Cyclic Peptide Bactenecin on Burkholderia pseudomallei Correlates with Efficient Membrane Permeabilization

Kanjana Madhongsa, Supaluk Pasan, Onanong Phophetleb, Sawinee Nasompag, Sompong Thammasirirak, Sakda Daduang, Suwimol Taweechaisupapong, Andrei L. Lomize, Rina Patramanon

Familial Transmission of Human T-cell Lymphotrophic Virus: Silent Dissemination of an Emerging but Neglected Infection

Carlos Araujo da Costa, Karen Cristini Yumi Ogawa Furtado, Louise de Souza Canto Ferreira, Danilo de Souza Almeida, Alexandre da Costa Linhares, Ricardo Ishak, Antonio Carlos Rosário Vallinoto, José Alexandre Rodrigues de Lemos, Luisa Caricio Martins, Edna Aoba Yassui Ishikawa, Rita Catarina Medeiros de Sousa, Maísa Silva de Sousa

Impact of Three Rounds of Mass Drug Administration on Lymphatic Filariasis in Areas Previously Treated for Onchocerciasis in Sierra Leone

Joseph B. Koroma, Santigie Sesay, Mustapha Sonnie, Mary H. Hodges, Foday Sahr, Yaobi Zhang, Moses J. Bockarie

A Hamster-Derived West Nile Virus Isolate Induces Persistent Renal Infection in Mice

Vandana Saxena, Guorui Xie, Bei Li, Tierra Farris, Thomas Welte, Bin Gong, Paul Boor, Ping Wu, Shao-Jun Tang, Robert Tesh, Tian Wang

Reprogramming Neutral Lipid Metabolism in Mouse Dendritic Leucocytes Hosting Live Leishmania amazonensis Amastigotes

Hervé Lecoeur, Emilie Giraud, Marie-Christine Prévost, Geneviève Milon, Thierry Lang

The Predictive Diagnostic Value of Serial Daily Bedside Ultrasonography for Severe Dengue in Indonesian Adults

Meta Michels, Uun Sumardi, Quirijn de Mast, Hadi Jusuf, Mita Puspita, Intan Mauli Warma Dewi, Sylvia Sinarta, Bachti Alisjahbana, André J. A. M. van der Ven

Oxidative Stress and DNA Lesions: The Role of 8-Oxoguanine Lesions in Trypanosoma cruzi Cell Viability

Pedro H. N. Aguiar, Carolina Furtado, Bruno M. Repolês, Grazielle A. Ribeiro, Isabela C. Mendes, Eduardo F. Peloso, Fernanda R. Gadelha, Andrea M. Macedo, Glória R. Franco, Sérgio D. J. Pena, Santuza M. R. Teixeira, Leda Q. Vieira, Alessandra A. Guarneri, Luciana O. Andrade, Carlos R. Machado

Intestinal Parasite Prevalence in an Area of Ethiopia after Implementing the SAFE Strategy, Enhanced Outreach Services, and Health Extension Program

Jonathan D. King, Tekola Endeshaw, Elisabeth Escher, Genetu Alemtaye, Sileabatt Melaku, Woyneshet Gelaye, Abebe Worku, Mitku Adugna, Berhanu Melak, Tesfaye Teferi, Mulat Zerihun, Demelash Gesese, Zerihun Tadesse, Aryc W. Mosher, Peter Odermatt, Jürg Utzinger, Hanspeter Marti, Jeremiah Ngondi, Donald R. Hopkins, Paul M. Emerson

Safety, Pharmacokinetic, and Efficacy Studies of Oral DB868 in a First Stage Vervet Monkey Model of Human African Trypanosomiasis

John K. Thuita, Kristina K. Wolf, Grace A. Murilla, Qiang Liu, James N. Mutuku, Yao Chen, Arlene S. Bridges, Raymond E. Mdachi, Mohamed A. Ismail, Shelley Ching, David W. Boykin, James Edwin Hall, Richard R. Tidwell, Mary F. Paine, Reto Brun, Michael Zhuo Wang

Schistosomiasis Control Using Piplartine against Biomphalaria glabrata at Different Developmental Stages

Ludmila Nakamura Rapado, Alessandro de Sá Pinheiro, Priscila Orechio de Moraes Victor Lopes, Harold Hilarion Fokoue, Marcus Tullius Scotti, Joaquim Vogt Marques, Fernanda Pires Ohlweiler, Sueli Ivone Borrely, Carlos Alberto de Bragança Pereira, Massuo Jorge Kato, Eliana Nakano, Lydia Fumiko Yamaguchi

Schistosoma japonicum Soluble Egg Antigens Attenuate Invasion in a First Trimester Human Placental Trophoblast Model

Emily A. McDonald, Jennifer F. Friedman, Surendra Sharma, Luz Acosta, Sunthorn Pond-Tor, Ling Cheng, Eric S. White, Jonathan D. Kurtis

Dengue Virus Activates Membrane TRAIL Relocalization and IFN-α Production by Human Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cells In Vitro and In Vivo

Mariana Gandini, Christophe Gras, Elzinandes Leal Azeredo, Luzia Maria de Oliveira Pinto, Nikaïa Smith, Philippe Despres, Rivaldo Venâncio da Cunha, Luiz José de Souza, Claire Fernandes Kubelka, Jean-Philippe Herbeuval

Estimates of Dengue Force of Infection in Children in Colombo, Sri Lanka

Clarence C. Tam, Hasitha Tissera, Aravinda M. de Silva, Aruna Dharshan De Silva, Harold S. Margolis, Ananda Amarasinge

Atmospheric Moisture Variability and Transmission of Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome in Changsha City, Mainland China, 1991–2010

Hong Xiao, Huai-Yu Tian, Bernard Cazelles, Xiu-Jun Li, Shi-Lu Tong, Li-Dong Gao, Jian-Xin Qin, Xiao-Ling Lin, Hai-Ning Liu, Xi-Xing Zhang

Plague Circulation and Population Genetics of the Reservoir Rattus rattus: The Influence of Topographic Relief on the Distribution of the Disease within the Madagascan Focus

Carine Brouat, Soanandrasana Rahelinirina, Anne Loiseau, Lila Rahalison, Minoariso Rajerison, Dominique Laffly, Pascal Handschumacher, Jean-Marc Duplantier