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Table of Contents: July 2013

COVER

The Pantanal

Image Credit: Alex Pauvolid-Corrêa
Issue Image

This image shows a classic workday in the wetlands of the Brazilian Pantanal. It represents the harmony between the cordial people of Pantanal and one of the largest freshwater wetlands in the world. See Pauvolid-Corrêa et al.

This is an open-access article, free of all copyright, and may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone for any lawful purpose. The work is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication.

Editorial

Viewpoints

Linking Environmental Drivers to Infectious Diseases: The European Environment and Epidemiology Network

Jan C. Semenza, Bertrand Sudre, Tolu Oni, Jonathan E. Suk, Johan Giesecke

Taenia solium Cysticercosis: The Case of Cuba

Kirezi Kanobana, Aniran Ruiz, Lazara Rojas, Rene Andrade, Felix Rosado, Katja Polman, Fidel Angel Núñez

Has the NTD Community Neglected Evidence-Based Policy?

Sukrti Nagpal, David Sinclair, Paul Garner

Expert Commentary

Review

Efficacy and Safety of Anthelmintics Tested against Taenia solium Cysticercosis in Pigs

Ernatus Martin Mkupasi, Chummy Sikalizyo Sikasunge, Helena Aminiel Ngowi, Maria Vang Johansen

Research Articles

A Very High Infection Intensity of Schistosoma mansoni in a Ugandan Lake Victoria Fishing Community Is Required for Association with Highly Prevalent Organ Related Morbidity

Edridah M. Tukahebwa, Pascal Magnussen, Henry Madsen, Narcis B. Kabatereine, Fred Nuwaha, Shona Wilson, Birgitte J. Vennervald

TLR9 Activation Dampens the Early Inflammatory Response to Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, Impacting Host Survival

João Filipe Menino, Margarida Saraiva, Ana G. Gomes-Alves, Diogo Lobo-Silva, Mark Sturme, Jéssica Gomes-Rezende, Ana Laura Saraiva, Gustavo H. Goldman, Cristina Cunha, Agostinho Carvalho, Luigina Romani, Jorge Pedrosa, António Gil Castro, Fernando Rodrigues

Immune Response to Snake Envenoming and Treatment with Antivenom; Complement Activation, Cytokine Production and Mast Cell Degranulation

Shelley F. Stone, Geoffrey K. Isbister, Seyed Shahmy, Fahim Mohamed, Chandana Abeysinghe, Harendra Karunathilake, Ariaranee Ariaratnam, Tamara E. Jacoby-Alner, Claire L. Cotterell, Simon G. A. Brown

Spatially Explicit Modeling of Schistosomiasis Risk in Eastern China Based on a Synthesis of Epidemiological, Environmental and Intermediate Host Genetic Data

Matthias Schrader, Torsten Hauffe, Zhijie Zhang, George M. Davis, Fred Jopp, Justin V. Remais, Thomas Wilke

Immunological Profile of HTLV-1-Infected Patients Associated with Infectious or Autoimmune Dermatological Disorders

Jordana Grazziela Alves Coelho-dos-Reis, Livia Passos, Mariana Costa Duarte, Marcelo Grossi Araújo, Ana Carolina Campi-Azevedo, Andréa Teixeira-Carvalho, Vanessa Peruhype-Magalhães, Bruno Caetano Trindade, Raquel dos Santos Dias, Marina Lobato Martins, Anna Barbara de Freitas Carneiro-Proietti, Antônio Carlos Guedes, Denise Utsch Gonçalves, Olindo Assis Martins-Filho

Dengue and Other Common Causes of Acute Febrile Illness in Asia: An Active Surveillance Study in Children

Maria Rosario Capeding, Mary Noreen Chua, Sri Rezeki Hadinegoro, Ismail I. H. M. Hussain, Revathy Nallusamy, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Kusnandi Rusmil, Usa Thisyakorn, Stephen J. Thomas, Ngoc Huu Tran, Dewa Nyoman Wirawan, In-Kyu Yoon, Alain Bouckenooghe, Yanee Hutagalung, Thelma Laot, Tram Anh Wartel

Whole-Organ Isolation Approach as a Basis for Tissue-Specific Analyses in Schistosoma mansoni

Steffen Hahnel, Zhigang Lu, R. Alan Wilson, Christoph G. Grevelding, Thomas Quack

The Schistosome Oesophageal Gland: Initiator of Blood Processing

Xiao-Hong Li, William de Castro-Borges, Sophie Parker-Manuel, Gillian M. Vance, Ricardo DeMarco, Leandro X. Neves, Gareth J. O. Evans, R. Alan Wilson

Dried-Blood Spots: A Cost-Effective Field Method for the Detection of Chikungunya Virus Circulation in Remote Areas

Soa Fy Andriamandimby, Jean-Michel Heraud, Laurence Randrianasolo, Jean Théophile Rafisandratantsoa, Seta Andriamamonjy, Vincent Richard

Validation of a Remote Sensing Model to Identify Simulium damnosum s.l. Breeding Sites in Sub-Saharan Africa

Benjamin G. Jacob, Robert J. Novak, Laurent D. Toe, Moussa Sanfo, Daniel A. Griffith, Thomson L. Lakwo, Peace Habomugisha, Moses N. Katabarwa, Thomas R. Unnasch

Chikungunya Virus Infection Results in Higher and Persistent Viral Replication in Aged Rhesus Macaques Due to Defects in Anti-Viral Immunity

Ilhem Messaoudi, Jennifer Vomaske, Thomas Totonchy, Craig N. Kreklywich, Kristen Haberthur, Laura Springgay, James D. Brien, Michael S. Diamond, Victor R. DeFilippis, Daniel N. Streblow

Association between Ocular Bacterial Carriage and Follicular Trachoma Following Mass Azithromycin Distribution in The Gambia

Sarah E. Burr, John D. Hart, Tansy Edwards, Ignatius Baldeh, Ebrima Bojang, Emma M. Harding-Esch, Martin J. Holland, Thomas M. Lietman, Sheila K. West, David C. W. Mabey, Ansumana Sillah, Robin L. Bailey

Hemostatic Dysfunction Is Increased in Patients with Hepatosplenic Schistosomiasis Mansoni and Advanced Periportal Fibrosis

Luiz Arthur Calheiros Leite, Adenor Almeida Pimenta Filho, Caíque Silveira Martins da Fonseca, Bianka Santana dos Santos, Rita de Cássia dos Santos Ferreira, Silvia Maria Lucena Montenegro, Edmundo Pessoa Lopes, Ana Lúcia Coutinho Domingues, James Stuart Owen, Vera Lúcia de Menezes Lima

Mycobacterium ulcerans Disease: Experience with Primary Oral Medical Therapy in an Australian Cohort

N. Deborah Friedman, Eugene Athan, Andrew J. Hughes, Masoomeh Khajehnoori, Anthony McDonald, Peter Callan, Richard Rahdon, Daniel P. O'Brien

Ilheus Virus Isolation in the Pantanal, West-Central Brazil

Alex Pauvolid-Corrêa, Joan L. Kenney, Dinair Couto-Lima, Zilca M. S. Campos, Hermann G. Schatzmayr, Rita M. R. Nogueira, Aaron C. Brault, Nicholas Komar

rKLO8, a Novel Leishmania donovani – Derived Recombinant Immunodominant Protein for Sensitive Detection of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Sudan

Elfadil Abass, Nadine Bollig, Katharina Reinhard, Bärbel Camara, Durria Mansour, Alexander Visekruna, Michael Lohoff, Ulrich Steinhoff

Etiology of Severe Non-malaria Febrile Illness in Northern Tanzania: A Prospective Cohort Study

John A. Crump, Anne B. Morrissey, William L. Nicholson, Robert F. Massung, Robyn A. Stoddard, Renee L. Galloway, Eng Eong Ooi, Venance P. Maro, Wilbrod Saganda, Grace D. Kinabo, Charles Muiruri, John A. Bartlett

Occurrence of Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Pulmonary Infection in an Endemic Area of Tuberculosis

Ana Roberta Fusco da Costa, Joseph O. Falkinham III, Maria Luiza Lopes, Adriana Rodrigues Barretto, João Soares Felicio, Lúcia Helena Messias Sales, Jeann Ricardo da Costa Bahia, Emilyn Costa Conceição, Karla Valéria Batista Lima

Dissecting the Active Site of the Collagenolytic Cathepsin L3 Protease of the Invasive Stage of Fasciola hepatica

Ileana Corvo, Anthony J. O'Donoghue, Lucía Pastro, Natalia Pi-Denis, Alegra Eroy-Reveles, Leda Roche, James H. McKerrow, John P. Dalton, Charles S. Craik, Conor R. Caffrey, José F. Tort

Mapping the Genes for Susceptibility and Response to Leishmania tropica in Mouse

Yahya Sohrabi, Helena Havelková, Tetyana Kobets, Matyáš Šíma, Valeriya Volkova, Igor Grekov, Taťána Jarošíková, Iryna Kurey, Jarmila Vojtíšková, Milena Svobodová, Peter Demant, Marie Lipoldová

Strongyloides stercoralis: Global Distribution and Risk Factors

Fabian Schär, Ulf Trostdorf, Federica Giardina, Virak Khieu, Sinuon Muth, Hanspeter Marti, Penelope Vounatsou, Peter Odermatt

Prospective Evaluation of Three Rapid Diagnostic Tests for Diagnosis of Human Leptospirosis

Marga G. A. Goris, Mariska M. G. Leeflang, Martin Loden, Jiri F. P. Wagenaar, Paul R. Klatser, Rudy A. Hartskeerl, Kimberly R. Boer

Molecular Phylodynamic Analysis Indicates Lineage Displacement Occurred in Chinese Rabies Epidemics between 1949 to 2010

Xiao-Yan Tao, Qing Tang, Simon Rayner, Zhen-Yang Guo, Hao Li, Shu-Lin Lang, Cui-Ping Yin, Na Han, Wei Fang, James Adams, Miao Song, Guo-Dong Liang

Sequential Waves of Gene Expression in Patients with Clinically Defined Dengue Illnesses Reveal Subtle Disease Phases and Predict Disease Severity

Peifang Sun, Josefina García, Guillermo Comach, Maryanne T. Vahey, Zhining Wang, Brett M. Forshey, Amy C. Morrison, Gloria Sierra, Isabel Bazan, Claudio Rocha, Stalin Vilcarromero, Patrick J. Blair, Thomas W. Scott, Daria E. Camacho, Christian F. Ockenhouse, Eric S. Halsey, Tadeusz J. Kochel

Assessment of Transmission in Trachoma Programs over Time Suggests No Short-Term Loss of Immunity

Fengchen Liu, Travis C. Porco, Kathryn J. Ray, Robin L. Bailey, Harran Mkocha, Beatriz Muñoz, Thomas C. Quinn, Thomas M. Lietman, Sheila K. West

Identification of Tsetse (Glossina spp.) Using Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionisation Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry

Antje Hoppenheit, Jayaseelan Murugaiyan, Burkhard Bauer, Stephan Steuber, Peter-Henning Clausen, Uwe Roesler

Overexpression of the Endothelial Protein C Receptor Is Detrimental during Pneumonia-Derived Gram-negative Sepsis (Melioidosis)

Liesbeth M. Kager, Marcel Schouten, W. Joost Wiersinga, J. Daan de Boer, Lionel C. W. Lattenist, Joris J. T. H. Roelofs, Joost C. M. Meijers, Marcel Levi, Arjen M. Dondorp, Charles T. Esmon, Cornelis van 't Veer, Tom van der Poll

Cathelicidin-like Helminth Defence Molecules (HDMs): Absence of Cytotoxic, Anti-microbial and Anti-protozoan Activities Imply a Specific Adaptation to Immune Modulation

Karine Thivierge, Sophie Cotton, Deborah A. Schaefer, Michael W. Riggs, Joyce To, Maria E. Lund, Mark W. Robinson, John P. Dalton, Sheila M. Donnelly

Population Genetics of the Filarial Worm Wuchereria bancrofti in a Post-treatment Region of Papua New Guinea: Insights into Diversity and Life History

Scott T. Small, Akshaya Ramesh, Krufinta Bun, Lisa Reimer, Edward Thomsen, Manasseh Baea, Moses J. Bockarie, Peter Siba, James W. Kazura, Daniel J. Tisch, Peter A. Zimmerman

A Single Immunization with MVA Expressing GnGc Glycoproteins Promotes Epitope-specific CD8+-T Cell Activation and Protects Immune-competent Mice against a Lethal RVFV Infection

Elena López-Gil, Gema Lorenzo, Esther Hevia, Belén Borrego, Martin Eiden, Martin Groschup, Sarah C. Gilbert, Alejandro Brun

Analytical and Clinical Performance of the CDC Real Time RT-PCR Assay for Detection and Typing of Dengue Virus

Gilberto A. Santiago, Edgardo Vergne, Yashira Quiles, Joan Cosme, Jesus Vazquez, Juan F. Medina, Freddy Medina, Candimar Colón, Harold Margolis, Jorge L. Muñoz-Jordán

Exploring Gender Dimensions of Treatment Programmes for Neglected Tropical Diseases in Uganda

Heather Rilkoff, Edridah Muheki Tukahebwa, Fiona M. Fleming, Jacqueline Leslie, Donald C. Cole

Molecular Identification of Echinococcus multilocularis Infection in Small Mammals from Northeast, Iran

Molouk Beiromvand, Lame Akhlaghi, Seyed Hossein Fattahi Massom, Ahmad Reza Meamar, Jamshid Darvish, Elham Razmjou

Evaluation of a Typhoid/Paratyphoid Diagnostic Assay (TPTest) Detecting Anti-Salmonella IgA in Secretions of Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes in Patients in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Farhana Khanam, Alaullah Sheikh, Md. Abu Sayeed, Md. Saruar Bhuiyan, Feroza Kaneez Choudhury, Umme Salma, Shahnaz Pervin, Tania Sultana, Dilruba Ahmed, Doli Goswami, Md. Lokman Hossain, K. Z. Mamun, Richelle C. Charles, W. Abdullah Brooks, Stephen B. Calderwood, Alejandro Cravioto, Edward T. Ryan, Firdausi Qadri

Field Evaluation of the Cepheid GeneXpert Chlamydia trachomatis Assay for Detection of Infection in a Trachoma Endemic Community in Tanzania

Alexander Jenson, Laura Dize, Harran Mkocha, Beatriz Munoz, Jennifer Lee, Charlotte Gaydos, Thomas Quinn, Sheila K. West

The Use of NanoTrap Particles as a Sample Enrichment Method to Enhance the Detection of Rift Valley Fever Virus

Nazly Shafagati, Aarthi Narayanan, Alan Baer, Katherine Fite, Chelsea Pinkham, Charles Bailey, Fatah Kashanchi, Benjamin Lepene, Kylene Kehn-Hall

Molecular Epidemiology Reveals Genetic Diversity amongst Isolates of the Cryptococcus neoformans/C. gattii Species Complex in Thailand

Sirada Kaocharoen, Popchai Ngamskulrungroj, Carolina Firacative, Luciana Trilles, Dumrongdej Piyabongkarn, Wijit Banlunara, Natteewan Poonwan, Angkana Chaiprasert, Wieland Meyer, Ariya Chindamporn