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Table of Contents: January 2014

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Buruli ulcer is a skin disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, with endemicity predominantly in sub-Saharan Africa and southeastern Australia. Transmission and the environmental reservoir(s) of the bacterium remain elusive. Investigations have detected Mycobacterium ulcerans DNA in a variety of Australian environmental samples, including faeces of native possums (pictured) with and without clinical evidence of infection. O'Brien et al.

Editorial

Viewpoints

Symposium

A 21-Year-Old Student with Fever and Profound Jaundice

Samson Ejiji Isa, Kenneth Ikenna Onyedibe, Mark Ojogba Okolo, Abiayi Elmina Abiba, Johnson Simon Mafuka, Gomerep Samuel Simji, Shehu Yakubu Nathan, Ubong Aniefok Udoh, Sati Klein Awang, Daniel Zanyu Egah, Edmond Banle Banwat, Melanie Newport, Ahmed Ahmed

Reviews

Estimating the Burden of Japanese Encephalitis Virus and Other Encephalitides in Countries of the Mekong Region

Arnaud Tarantola, Flavie Goutard, Paul Newton, Xavier de Lamballerie, Olivier Lortholary, Julien Cappelle, Philippe Buchy

Research Articles

Scrub Typhus Is an Under-recognized Cause of Acute Febrile Illness with Acute Kidney Injury in India

Vivek Kumar, Vinod Kumar, Ashok K. Yadav, Sreenivasa Iyengar, Ashish Bhalla, Navneet Sharma, Ritesh Aggarwal, Sanjay Jain, Vivekanand Jha

Risk Factors for Disseminated Histoplasmosis in a Cohort of HIV-Infected Patients in French Guiana

Mathieu Nacher, Antoine Adenis, Denis Blanchet, Vincent Vantilcke, Magalie Demar, Célia Basurko, Emilie Gaubert-Maréchal, Julie Dufour, Christine Aznar, Bernard Carme, Pierre Couppié

Assembly of the Genome of the Disease Vector Aedes aegypti onto a Genetic Linkage Map Allows Mapping of Genes Affecting Disease Transmission

Punita Juneja, Jewelna Osei-Poku, Yung S. Ho, Cristina V. Ariani, William J. Palmer, Arnab Pain, Francis M. Jiggins

Parasite-Antigen Driven Expansion of IL-5 and IL-5+ Th2 Human Subpopulations in Lymphatic Filariasis and Their Differential Dependence on IL-10 and TGFβ

Rajamanickam Anuradha, Parakkal Jovvian George, Luke E. Hanna, Vedachalam Chandrasekaran, P. Paul Kumaran, Thomas B. Nutman, Subash Babu

First Detection of Mycobacterium ulcerans DNA in Environmental Samples from South America

Aaron Morris, Rodolphe Gozlan, Estelle Marion, Laurent Marsollier, Demetra Andreou, Daniel Sanhueza, Rolland Ruffine, Pierre Couppié, Jean-François Guégan

Leptospira Interrogans Induces Fibrosis in the Mouse Kidney through Inos-Dependent, TLR- and NLR-Independent Signaling Pathways

Martine Fanton d'Andon, Nathalie Quellard, Béatrice Fernandez, Gwenn Ratet, Sonia Lacroix-Lamandé, Alain Vandewalle, Ivo G. Boneca, Jean-Michel Goujon, Catherine Werts

Clinical, Microbiological and Pathological Findings of Mycobacterium ulcerans Infection in Three Australian Possum Species

Carolyn R. O'Brien, Kathrine A. Handasyde, Jennifer Hibble, Caroline J. Lavender, Alistair R. Legione, Christina McCowan, Maria Globan, Anthony T. Mitchell, Helen E. McCracken, Paul D. R. Johnson, Janet A. M. Fyfe

Potential Wildlife Sentinels for Monitoring the Endemic Spread of Human Buruli Ulcer in South-East Australia

Connor Carson, Caroline J. Lavender, Kathrine A. Handasyde, Carolyn R. O'Brien, Nick Hewitt, Paul D. R. Johnson, Janet A. M. Fyfe

CRISPR Is an Optimal Target for the Design of Specific PCR Assays for Salmonella enterica Serotypes Typhi and Paratyphi A

Laetitia Fabre, Simon Le Hello, Chrystelle Roux, Sylvie Issenhuth-Jeanjean, François-Xavier Weill

Leptospira interrogans Binds to Cadherins

Karen Evangelista, Ricardo Franco, Andrew Schwab, Jenifer Coburn

A Cytoplasmic New Catalytic Subunit of Calcineurin in Trypanosoma cruzi and Its Molecular and Functional Characterization

Patricio R. Orrego, Héctor Olivares, Esteban M. Cordero, Albert Bressan, Mauro Cortez, Hernán Sagua, Ivan Neira, Jorge González, José Franco da Silveira, Nobuko Yoshida, Jorge E. Araya

A Scoping Review and Prevalence Analysis of Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infections in Honduras

Ana Lourdes Sanchez, José Antonio Gabrie, María Mercedes Rueda, Rosa Elena Mejia, Maria Elena Bottazzi, Maritza Canales

The Changing Epidemiology of Murray Valley Encephalitis in Australia: The 2011 Outbreak and a Review of the Literature

Linda A. Selvey, Lynne Dailey, Michael Lindsay, Paul Armstrong, Sean Tobin, Ann P. Koehler, Peter G. Markey, David W. Smith

Strong Association between Serological Status and Probability of Progression to Clinical Visceral Leishmaniasis in Prospective Cohort Studies in India and Nepal

Epco Hasker, Paritosh Malaviya, Kamlesh Gidwani, Albert Picado, Bart Ostyn, Sangeeta Kansal, Rudra Pratap Singh, Om Prakash Singh, Ankita Chourasia, Abhishek Kumar Singh, Ravi Shankar, Mary E. Wilson, Basudha Khanal, Suman Rijal, Marleen Boelaert, Shyam Sundar

Safety and Efficacy of Single Dose versus Multiple Doses of AmBisome® for Treatment of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Eastern Africa: A Randomised Trial

Eltahir A. G. Khalil, Teklu Weldegebreal, Brima M. Younis, Raymond Omollo, Ahmed M. Musa, Workagegnehu Hailu, Abuzaid A. Abuzaid, Thomas P. C. Dorlo, Zewdu Hurissa, Sisay Yifru, William Haleke, Peter G. Smith, Sally Ellis, Manica Balasegaram, Ahmed M. EL-Hassan, Gerard J. Schoone, Monique Wasunna, Robert Kimutai, Tansy Edwards, Asrat Hailu

Regional Differences of Leptospirosis in Sri Lanka: Observations from a Flood-Associated Outbreak in 2011

Suneth B. Agampodi, Niroshan J. Dahanayaka, Anoma K. Bandaranayaka, Manoj Perera, Sumudu Priyankara, Prasanna Weerawansa, Michael A. Matthias, Joseph M. Vinetz

Clinical Associations of Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 Infection in an Indigenous Australian Population

Lloyd Einsiedel, Tim Spelman, Emma Goeman, Olivier Cassar, Mick Arundell, Antoine Gessain

Heterogeneities in Leishmania infantum Infection: Using Skin Parasite Burdens to Identify Highly Infectious Dogs

Orin Courtenay, Connor Carson, Leo Calvo-Bado, Lourdes M. Garcez, Rupert J. Quinnell

An Insight into the Transcriptome of the Digestive Tract of the Bloodsucking Bug, Rhodnius prolixus

José M. C. Ribeiro, Fernando A. Genta, Marcos H. F. Sorgine, Raquel Logullo, Rafael D. Mesquita, Gabriela O. Paiva-Silva, David Majerowicz, Marcelo Medeiros, Leonardo Koerich, Walter R. Terra, Clélia Ferreira, André C. Pimentel, Paulo M. Bisch, Daniel C. Leite, Michelle M. P. Diniz, João Lídio da S. G. V. Junior, Manuela L. Da Silva, Ricardo N. Araujo, Ana Caroline P. Gandara, Sébastien Brosson, Didier Salmon, Sabrina Bousbata, Natalia González-Caballero, Ariel Mariano Silber, Michele Alves-Bezerra, Katia C. Gondim, Mário Alberto C. Silva-Neto, Georgia C. Atella, Helena Araujo, Felipe A. Dias, Carla Polycarpo, Raquel J. Vionette-Amaral, Patrícia Fampa, Ana Claudia A. Melo, Aparecida S. Tanaka, Carsten Balczun, José Henrique M. Oliveira, Renata L. S. Gonçalves, Cristiano Lazoski, Rolando Rivera-Pomar, Luis Diambra, Günter A. Schaub, Elói S. Garcia, Patrícia Azambuja, Glória R. C. Braz, Pedro L. Oliveira

Standardising Visual Control Devices for Tsetse Flies: Central and West African Species Glossina palpalis palpalis

Dramane Kaba, Tusevo Zacarie, Alexis Makumyaviri M'Pondi, Flobert Njiokou, Henriette Bosson-Vanga, Thomas Kröber, Andrew McMullin, Steve Mihok, Patrick M. Guerin

Bioassay-Guided Fractionation of Extracts from Codiaeum variegatum against Entamoeba histolytica Discovers Compounds That Modify Expression of Ceramide Biosynthesis Related Genes

Emmanuel Mfotie Njoya, Christian Weber, Nora Adriana Hernandez-Cuevas, Chung-Chau Hon, Yves Janin, Melanie F. G. Kamini, Paul F. Moundipa, Nancy Guillén

Orally Active Antischistosomal Early Leads Identified from the Open Access Malaria Box

Katrin Ingram-Sieber, Noemi Cowan, Gordana Panic, Mireille Vargas, Nuha R. Mansour, Quentin D. Bickle, Timothy N. C. Wells, Thomas Spangenberg, Jennifer Keiser

Animal Reservoir, Natural and Socioeconomic Variations and the Transmission of Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome in Chenzhou, China, 2006–2010

Hong Xiao, Huai-Yu Tian, Li-Dong Gao, Hai-Ning Liu, Liang-Song Duan, Nicole Basta, Bernard Cazelles, Xiu-Jun Li, Xiao-Ling Lin, Hong-Wei Wu, Bi-Yun Chen, Hui-Suo Yang, Bing Xu, Bryan Grenfell

Next Generation Sequencing Reveals Regulation of Distinct Aedes microRNAs during Chikungunya Virus Development

Jatin Shrinet, Shanu Jain, Jaspreet Jain, Raj K. Bhatnagar, Sujatha Sunil

Repeated Exposure to Lutzomyia intermedia Sand Fly Saliva Induces Local Expression of Interferon-Inducible Genes Both at the Site of Injection in Mice and in Human Blood

Tiffany Weinkopff, Camila I. de Oliveira, Augusto M. de Carvalho, Yazmin Hauyon-La Torre, Aline C. Muniz, Jose Carlos Miranda, Aldina Barral, Fabienne Tacchini-Cottier

Cofactor-Independent Phosphoglycerate Mutase from Nematodes Has Limited Druggability, as Revealed by Two High-Throughput Screens

Gregory J. Crowther, Michael L. Booker, Min He, Ting Li, Sylvine Raverdy, Jacopo F. Novelli, Panqing He, Natalie R. G. Dale, Amy M. Fife, Robert H. Barker Jr, Martin L. Kramer, Wesley C. Van Voorhis, Clotilde K. S. Carlow, Ming-Wei Wang

Functional Characterization of Peroxiredoxins from the Human Protozoan Parasite Giardia intestinalis

Daniela Mastronicola, Micol Falabella, Fabrizio Testa, Leopoldo Paolo Pucillo, Miguel Teixeira, Paolo Sarti, Lígia M. Saraiva, Alessandro Giuffrè

Molecular Evolution of Zika Virus during Its Emergence in the 20th Century

Oumar Faye, Caio C. M. Freire, Atila Iamarino, Ousmane Faye, Juliana Velasco C. de Oliveira, Mawlouth Diallo, Paolo M. A. Zanotto, Amadou Alpha Sall

Diagnostic Accuracy of Five Serologic Tests for Strongyloides stercoralis Infection

Zeno Bisoffi, Dora Buonfrate, Marco Sequi, Rojelio Mejia, Ruben O. Cimino, Alejandro J. Krolewiecki, Marco Albonico, Maria Gobbo, Stefania Bonafini, Andrea Angheben, Ana Requena-Mendez, José Muñoz, Thomas B. Nutman

Nodule Worm Infection in Humans and Wild Primates in Uganda: Cryptic Species in a Newly Identified Region of Human Transmission

Ria R. Ghai, Colin A. Chapman, Patrick A. Omeja, T. Jonathan Davies, Tony L. Goldberg

Predicting the Impact of Vaccination on the Transmission Dynamics of Typhoid in South Asia: A Mathematical Modeling Study

Virginia E. Pitzer, Cayley C. Bowles, Stephen Baker, Gagandeep Kang, Veeraraghavan Balaji, Jeremy J. Farrar, Bryan T. Grenfell

Characterization of a Gene Family Encoding SEA (Sea-urchin Sperm Protein, Enterokinase and Agrin)-Domain Proteins with Lectin-Like and Heme-Binding Properties from Schistosoma japonicum

Evaristus Chibunna Mbanefo, Mihoko Kikuchi, Nguyen Tien Huy, Mohammed Nasir Shuaibu, Mahamoud Sama Cherif, Chuanxin Yu, Masahiro Wakao, Yasuo Suda, Kenji Hirayama

LmaPA2G4, a Homolog of Human Ebp1, Is an Essential Gene and Inhibits Cell Proliferation in L. major

Brianna Norris-Mullins, Kaitlin VanderKolk, Paola Vacchina, Michelle V. Joyce, Miguel A. Morales

Molecular Epidemiology of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus in Kosovo

Luka Fajs, Xhevat Jakupi, Salih Ahmeti, Isme Humolli, Isuf Dedushaj, Tatjana Avšič-Županc

Recombinant Antigens from Phlebotomus perniciosus Saliva as Markers of Canine Exposure to Visceral Leishmaniases Vector

Jan Drahota, Ines Martin-Martin, Petra Sumova, Iva Rohousova, Maribel Jimenez, Ricardo Molina, Petr Volf

Analysis of the Vaccine Potential of Plasmid DNA Encoding Nine Mycolactone Polyketide Synthase Domains in Mycobacterium ulcerans Infected Mice

Virginie Roupie, Sacha J. Pidot, Tobba Einarsdottir, Christophe Van Den Poel, Fabienne Jurion, Timothy P. Stinear, Kris Huygen

Household-Level Expenditure on Protective Measures Against Mosquitoes on the Island of La Réunion, France

Josselin Thuilliez, Claire Bellia, Jean-Sébastien Dehecq, Olivier Reilhes

Post Kala-Azar Dermal Leishmaniasis following Treatment with 20 mg/kg Liposomal Amphotericin B (Ambisome) for Primary Visceral Leishmaniasis in Bihar, India

Sakib Burza, Prabhat Kumar Sinha, Raman Mahajan, Marta González Sanz, María Angeles Lima, Gaurab Mitra, Neena Verma, Pradeep Das

Clinical Features and Risk Factors of Oedematous Mycobacterium ulcerans Lesions in an Australian Population: Beware Cellulitis in an Endemic Area

Daniel P. O'Brien, N. Deborah Friedman, Anthony McDonald, Peter Callan, Andrew Hughes, Eugene Athan

Phytol, a Diterpene Alcohol from Chlorophyll, as a Drug against Neglected Tropical Disease Schistosomiasis Mansoni

Josué de Moraes, Rosimeire N. de Oliveira, Jéssica P. Costa, Antonio L. G. Junior, Damião P. de Sousa, Rivelilson M. Freitas, Silmara M. Allegretti, Pedro L. S. Pinto

Accelerated Detection of Mycolactone Production and Response to Antibiotic Treatment in a Mouse Model of Mycobacterium ulcerans Disease

Paul J. Converse, Yalan Xing, Ki Hyun Kim, Sandeep Tyagi, Si-Yang Li, Deepak V. Almeida, Eric L. Nuermberger, Jacques H. Grosset, Yoshito Kishi

Reinfection of Dogs with Fish-Borne Zoonotic Trematodes in Northern Vietnam following a Single Treatment with Praziquantel

Sofie Nissen, Lan Anh Thi Nguyen, Stig Milan Thamsborg, Anders Dalsgaard, Maria Vang Johansen

The Trypanosoma cruzi Satellite DNA OligoC-TesT and Trypanosoma cruzi Kinetoplast DNA OligoC-TesT for Diagnosis of Chagas Disease: A Multi-cohort Comparative Evaluation Study

Koen De Winne, Philippe Büscher, Alejandro O. Luquetti, Suelene B. N. Tavares, Rodrigo A. Oliveira, Aldo Solari, Ines Zulantay, Werner Apt, Patricio Diosque, Mercedes Monje Rumi, Nuria Gironès, Manuel Fresno, Rogelio Lopez-Velez, José A. Perez-Molina, Begoña Monge-Maillo, Lineth Garcia, Stijn Deborggraeve

The Burden of Parasitic Zoonoses in Nepal: A Systematic Review

Brecht Devleesschauwer, Anita Ale, Paul Torgerson, Nicolas Praet, Charline Maertens de Noordhout, Basu Dev Pandey, Sher Bahadur Pun, Rob Lake, Jozef Vercruysse, Durga Datt Joshi, Arie H. Havelaar, Luc Duchateau, Pierre Dorny, Niko Speybroeck