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Table of Contents: March 2014

COVER

On the road to the control of NTDs.

Image Credit: Dr. Yahathugoda, Filariasis Research Training and Service Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ruhuna, Gall.
Issue Image

A Sri Lankan man with lymphatic filariasis seen in his left lower extremity. See Njelesani et al.

Editorial

Policy Platform

School-Based Health Education Targeting Intestinal Worms—Further Support for Integrated Control

Franziska A. Bieri, Yue-Sheng Li, Li-Ping Yuan, Yong-Kang He, Darren J. Gray, Gail M. Williams, Donald P. McManus

A Regulatory Structure for Working with Genetically Modified Mosquitoes: Lessons from Mexico

Janine M. Ramsey, J. Guillermo Bond, Maria Elena Macotela, Luca Facchinelli, Laura Valerio, David M. Brown, Thomas W. Scott, Anthony A. James

Historical Profiles and Perspectives

Visceral Leishmaniasis Outbreak in South Sudan 2009–2012: Epidemiological Assessment and Impact of a Multisectoral Response

Abdinasir Abubakar, José Antonio Ruiz-Postigo, Jane Pita, Mounir Lado, Riadh Ben-Ismail, Daniel Argaw, Jorge Alvar

Reviews

The Mycetoma Knowledge Gap: Identification of Research Priorities

Wendy W. J. van de Sande, El Sheikh Maghoub, Ahmed H. Fahal, Michael Goodfellow, Oliverio Welsh, Ed Zijlstra

Congenital Malaria in China

Zhi-yong Tao, Qiang Fang, Xue Liu, Richard Culleton, Li Tao, Hui Xia, Qi Gao

Research Articles

Enhanced Protective Efficacy of Nonpathogenic Recombinant Leishmania tarentolae Expressing Cysteine Proteinases Combined with a Sand Fly Salivary Antigen

Farnaz Zahedifard, Elham Gholami, Tahereh Taheri, Yasaman Taslimi, Fatemeh Doustdari, Negar Seyed, Fatemeh Torkashvand, Claudio Meneses, Barbara Papadopoulou, Shaden Kamhawi, Jesus G. Valenzuela, Sima Rafati

Identification of Parasitic Communities within European Ticks Using Next-Generation Sequencing

Sarah Bonnet, Lorraine Michelet, Sara Moutailler, Justine Cheval, Charles Hébert, Muriel Vayssier-Taussat, Marc Eloit

Helminth-Associated Systemic Immune Activation and HIV Co-receptor Expression: Response to Albendazole/Praziquantel Treatment

Mkunde Chachage, Lilli Podola, Petra Clowes, Anthony Nsojo, Asli Bauer, Onesmo Mgaya, Dickens Kowour, Guenter Froeschl, Leonard Maboko, Michael Hoelscher, Elmar Saathoff, Christof Geldmacher

Mycobacterium ulcerans Persistence at a Village Water Source of Buruli Ulcer Patients

Martin W. Bratschi, Marie-Thérèse Ruf, Arianna Andreoli, Jacques C. Minyem, Sarah Kerber, Fidèle G. Wantong, James Pritchard, Victoria Chakwera, Christian Beuret, Matthias Wittwer, Djeunga Noumen, Nadia Schürch, Alphonse Um Book, Gerd Pluschke

RNA-Seq Reveals Infection-Induced Gene Expression Changes in the Snail Intermediate Host of the Carcinogenic Liver Fluke, Opisthorchis viverrini

Sattrachai Prasopdee, Javier Sotillo, Smarn Tesana, Thewarach Laha, Jutharat Kulsantiwong, Matthew J. Nolan, Alex Loukas, Cinzia Cantacessi

Trypsin- and Chymotrypsin-Like Serine Proteases in Schistosoma mansoni – ‘The Undiscovered Country’

Martin Horn, Pavla Fajtová, Liliana Rojo Arreola, Lenka Ulrychová, Pavla Bartošová-Sojková, Zdeněk Franta, Anna V. Protasio, David Opavský, Jiří Vondrášek, James H. McKerrow, Michael Mareš, Conor R. Caffrey, Jan Dvořák

Dispersal of Adult Culex Mosquitoes in an Urban West Nile Virus Hotspot: A Mark-Capture Study Incorporating Stable Isotope Enrichment of Natural Larval Habitats

Gabriel L. Hamer, Tavis K. Anderson, Danielle J. Donovan, Jeffrey D. Brawn, Bethany L. Krebs, Allison M. Gardner, Marilyn O. Ruiz, William M. Brown, Uriel D. Kitron, Christina M. Newman, Tony L. Goldberg, Edward D. Walker

Defining the Geographical Range of the Plasmodium knowlesi Reservoir

Catherine L. Moyes, Andrew J. Henry, Nick Golding, Zhi Huang, Balbir Singh, J. Kevin Baird, Paul N. Newton, Michael Huffman, Kirsten A. Duda, Chris J. Drakeley, Iqbal R. F. Elyazar, Nicholas M. Anstey, Qijun Chen, Zinta Zommers, Samir Bhatt, Peter W. Gething, Simon I. Hay

Humans and Great Apes Cohabiting the Forest Ecosystem in Central African Republic Harbour the Same Hookworms

Hideo Hasegawa, David Modrý, Masahiro Kitagawa, Kathryn A. Shutt, Angelique Todd, Barbora Kalousová, Ilona Profousová, Klára J. Petrželková

Synthetic Sex Pheromone in a Long-Lasting Lure Attracts the Visceral Leishmaniasis Vector, Lutzomyia longipalpis, for up to 12 Weeks in Brazil

Daniel P. Bray, Vicky Carter, Graziella B. Alves, Reginaldo P. Brazil, Krishna K. Bandi, James G. C. Hamilton

Development of a Prototype Lateral Flow Immunoassay (LFI) for the Rapid Diagnosis of Melioidosis

Raymond L. Houghton, Dana E. Reed, Mark A. Hubbard, Michael J. Dillon, Hongjing Chen, Bart J. Currie, Mark Mayo, Derek S. Sarovich, Vanessa Theobald, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Gumphol Wongsuvan, Narisara Chantratita, Sharon J. Peacock, Alex R. Hoffmaster, Brea Duval, Paul J. Brett, Mary N. Burtnick, David P. AuCoin

Dynamics of the Force of Infection: Insights from Echinococcus multilocularis Infection in Foxes

Fraser I. Lewis, Belen Otero-Abad, Daniel Hegglin, Peter Deplazes, Paul R. Torgerson

A Mixed Methods Study of a Health Worker Training Intervention to Increase Syndromic Referral for Gambiense Human African Trypanosomiasis in South Sudan

Jennifer J. Palmer, Elizeous I. Surur, Francesco Checchi, Fayaz Ahmad, Franklin Kweku Ackom, Christopher J. M. Whitty

Identification of Carboxylesterase Genes Implicated in Temephos Resistance in the Dengue Vector Aedes aegypti

Rodolphe Poupardin, Wannaporn Srisukontarat, Cristina Yunta, Hilary Ranson

Conjunctival Scarring in Trachoma Is Associated with the HLA-C Ligand of KIR and Is Exacerbated by Heterozygosity at KIR2DL2/KIR2DL3

Chrissy h. Roberts, Sandra Molina, Pateh Makalo, Hassan Joof, Emma M. Harding-Esch, Sarah E. Burr, David C. W. Mabey, Robin L. Bailey, Matthew J. Burton, Martin J. Holland

Serological Screening of the Schistosoma mansoni Adult Worm Proteome

Fernanda Ludolf, Paola R. Patrocínio, Rodrigo Corrêa-Oliveira, Andréa Gazzinelli, Franco H. Falcone, André Teixeira-Ferreira, Jonas Perales, Guilherme C. Oliveira, Rosiane A. Silva-Pereira

Development of a Novel, Single-Cycle Replicable Rift Valley Fever Vaccine

Shin Murakami, Kaori Terasaki, Sydney I. Ramirez, John C. Morrill, Shinji Makino

Lassa Fever in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone

Jeffrey G. Shaffer, Donald S. Grant, John S. Schieffelin, Matt L. Boisen, Augustine Goba, Jessica N. Hartnett, Danielle C. Levy, Rachael E. Yenni, Lina M. Moses, Mohammed Fullah, Mambo Momoh, Mbalu Fonnie, Richard Fonnie, Lansana Kanneh, Veronica J. Koroma, Kandeh Kargbo, Darin Ottomassathien, Ivana J. Muncy, Abigail B. Jones, Megan M. Illick, Peter C. Kulakosky, Allyson M. Haislip, Christopher M. Bishop, Deborah H. Elliot, Bethany L. Brown, Hu Zhu, Kathryn M. Hastie, Kristian G. Andersen, Stephen K. Gire, Shervin Tabrizi, Ridhi Tariyal, Mathew Stremlau, Alex Matschiner, Darryl B. Sampey, Jennifer S. Spence, Robert W. Cross, Joan B. Geisbert, Onikepe A. Folarin, Christian T. Happi, Kelly R. Pitts, F. Jon Geske, Thomas W. Geisbert, Erica Ollmann Saphire, James E. Robinson, Russell B. Wilson, Pardis C. Sabeti, Lee A. Henderson, S. Humarr Khan, Daniel G. Bausch, Luis M. Branco, Robert F. Garry , the Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Consortium

Sm10.3, a Member of the Micro-Exon Gene 4 (MEG-4) Family, Induces Erythrocyte Agglutination In Vitro and Partially Protects Vaccinated Mice against Schistosoma mansoni Infection

Vicente P. Martins, Suellen B. Morais, Carina S. Pinheiro, Natan R. G. Assis, Barbara C. P. Figueiredo, Natasha D. Ricci, Juliana Alves-Silva, Marcelo V. Caliari, Sergio C. Oliveira

The Mortality Associated with Erythema Nodosum Leprosum in Ethiopia: A Retrospective Hospital-Based Study

Stephen L. Walker, Eglantine Lebas, Shimelis N. Doni, Diana N. J. Lockwood, Saba M. Lambert

Dengue Virus Type 2 (DENV2)-Induced Oxidative Responses in Monocytes from Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD)-Deficient and G6PD Normal Subjects

Abdullah Ahmed Al-alimi, Syed A. Ali, Faisal Muti Al-Hassan, Fauziah Mohd Idris, Sin-Yeang Teow, Narazah Mohd Yusoff

Use of a Recombinant Cysteine Proteinase from Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum chagasi for the Immunotherapy of Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis

Josie Haydée Lima Ferreira, Lucilene dos Santos Silva, Ieda Maria Longo-Maugéri, Simone Katz, Clara Lúcia Barbiéri

Prevalence of Trachoma at Sub-District Level in Ethiopia: Determining When to Stop Mass Azithromycin Distribution

Jonathan D. King, Tesfaye Teferi, Elizabeth A. Cromwell, Mulat Zerihun, Jeremiah M. Ngondi, Mesele Damte, Frew Ayalew, Zerihun Tadesse, Teshome Gebre, Ayelign Mulualem, Alemu Karie, Berhanu Melak, Mitku Adugna, Demelash Gessesse, Abebe Worku, Tekola Endashaw, Fisseha Admassu Ayele, Nicole E. Stoller, Mary Rose A. King, Aryc W. Mosher, Tesfaye Gebregzabher, Geremew Haileysus, Peter Odermatt, Jürg Utzinger, Paul M. Emerson

Efficacy of 5-Nitroimidazoles for the Treatment of Giardiasis: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

Vinay Pasupuleti, Angel Arturo Escobedo, Abhishek Deshpande, Priyaleela Thota, Yuani Roman, Adrian V. Hernandez

Long Term Streptomycin Toxicity in the Treatment of Buruli Ulcer: Follow-up of Participants in the BURULICO Drug Trial

Sandor Klis, Ymkje Stienstra, Richard O. Phillips, Kabiru Mohammed Abass, Wilson Tuah, Tjip S. van der Werf

Yellow Fever Outbreaks in Unvaccinated Populations, Brazil, 2008–2009

Alessandro Pecego Martins Romano, Zouraide Guerra Antunes Costa, Daniel Garkauskas Ramos, Maria Auxiliadora Andrade, Valéria de Sá Jayme, Marco Antônio Barreto de Almeida, Kátia Campomar Vettorello, Melissa Mascheretti, Brendan Flannery

Surveillance for Yellow Fever Virus in Non-Human Primates in Southern Brazil, 2001–2011: A Tool for Prioritizing Human Populations for Vaccination

Marco A. B. Almeida, Jader da C. Cardoso, Edmilson dos Santos, Daltro F. da Fonseca, Laura L. Cruz, Fernando J. C. Faraco, Marilina A. Bercini, Kátia C. Vettorello, Mariana A. Porto, Renate Mohrdieck, Tani M. S. Ranieri, Maria T. Schermann, Alethéa F. Sperb, Francisco Z. Paz, Zenaida M. A. Nunes, Alessandro P. M. Romano, Zouraide G. Costa, Silvana L. Gomes, Brendan Flannery

Epidemiology of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Georgia

Giorgi Babuadze, Jorge Alvar, Daniel Argaw, Harry P. de Koning, Merab Iosava, Merab Kekelidze, Nikoloz Tsertsvadze, David Tsereteli, Giorgi Chakhunashvili, Tamar Mamatsashvili, Nino Beria, Irine Kalandadze, Mikhail Ejov, Paata Imnadze

Shifts in Geographic Distribution and Antimicrobial Resistance during a Prolonged Typhoid Fever Outbreak — Bundibugyo and Kasese Districts, Uganda, 2009–2011

Maroya Spalding Walters, Janell Routh, Matthew Mikoleit, Samuel Kadivane, Caroline Ouma, Denis Mubiru, Ben Mbusa, Amos Murangi, Emmanuel Ejoku, Absalom Rwantangle, Uziah Kule, John Lule, Nancy Garrett, Jessica Halpin, Nikki Maxwell, Atek Kagirita, Fred Mulabya, Issa Makumbi, Molly Freeman, Kevin Joyce, Vince Hill, Robert Downing, Eric Mintz

Rapid Molecular Assays for the Detection of Yellow Fever Virus in Low-Resource Settings

Camille Escadafal, Oumar Faye, Amadou Alpha Sall, Ousmane Faye, Manfred Weidmann, Oliver Strohmeier, Felix von Stetten, Josef Drexler, Michael Eberhard, Matthias Niedrig, Pranav Patel

Relationships between IgE/IgG4 Epitopes, Structure and Function in Anisakis simplex Ani s 5, a Member of the SXP/RAL-2 Protein Family

María Flor García-Mayoral, Miguel Angel Treviño, Teresa Pérez-Piñar, María Luisa Caballero, Tobias Knaute, Ana Umpierrez, Marta Bruix, Rosa Rodríguez-Pérez

A Systematic Approach to Capacity Strengthening of Laboratory Systems for Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases in Ghana, Kenya, Malawi and Sri Lanka

Janet Njelesani, Russell Dacombe, Tanith Palmer, Helen Smith, Benjamin Koudou, Moses Bockarie, Imelda Bates