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Table of Contents: March 2010

COVER

Ribbed-shelled Oncomelania hupensis hupensis (Gredler, 1881).

Image Credit: Qin Ping Zhao (Department of Parasitology, School of Basic Medical Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China).
Issue Image

This snail subspecies belongs to the family Pomatiopsidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda), and is the intermediate host of Schistosoma japonica in China. The ribs on the shell and varix surrounding the aperture are clearly visible, and a pair of eyes and a pair of tentacles are also visible on the head, with a strong contour of the foot below. This subspecies is found only in China, and has a relatively wide distribution in regions in the middle and lower reaches of the Changjiang (Yangtze) River, where schistosomiasis is still a health problem in provinces such as Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, and Anhui (see article by Zhao et al., doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000611).

Editorial

Viewpoints

Rabies in the 21st Century

William H. Wunner, Deborah J. Briggs

Symposium

Review

Research Articles

Nelfinavir, an HIV-1 Protease Inhibitor, Induces Oxidative Stress–Mediated, Caspase-Independent Apoptosis in Leishmania Amastigotes

Pranav Kumar, Robert Lodge, Nathalie Trudel, Michel Ouellet, Marc Ouellette, Michel J. Tremblay

First Description of a Cluster of Acute/Subacute Paracoccidioidomycosis Cases and Its Association with a Climatic Anomaly

Ligia Vizeu Barrozo, Gil Benard, Maria Elisa Siqueira Silva, Eduardo Bagagli, Silvio Alencar Marques, Rinaldo Poncio Mendes

Prevalence and Correlates of Helminth Co-infection in Kenyan HIV-1 Infected Adults

Judd L. Walson, Barclay T. Stewart, Laura Sangaré, Loice W. Mbogo, Phelgona A. Otieno, Benjamin K. S. Piper, Barbra A. Richardson, Grace John-Stewart

Delineation of Diverse Macrophage Activation Programs in Response to Intracellular Parasites and Cytokines

Shuyi Zhang, Charles C. Kim, Sajeev Batra, James H. McKerrow, P'ng Loke

Influence of Exposure History on the Immunology and Development of Resistance to Human Schistosomiasis Mansoni

Carla L. Black, Pauline N. M. Mwinzi, Erick M. O. Muok, Bernard Abudho, Colin M. Fitzsimmons, David W. Dunne, Diana M. S. Karanja, W. Evan Secor, Daniel G. Colley

Discovery of Markers of Exposure Specific to Bites of Lutzomyia longipalpis, the Vector of Leishmania infantum chagasi in Latin America

Clarissa Teixeira, Regis Gomes, Nicolas Collin, David Reynoso, Ryan Jochim, Fabiano Oliveira, Amy Seitz, Dia-Eldin Elnaiem, Arlene Caldas, Ana Paula de Souza, Cláudia I. Brodskyn, Camila Indiani de Oliveira, Ivete Mendonca, Carlos H. N. Costa, Petr Volf, Aldina Barral, Shaden Kamhawi, Jesus G. Valenzuela

A Community-Based Study of Factors Associated with Continuing Transmission of Lymphatic Filariasis in Leogane, Haiti

Alexis Boyd, Kimberly Y. Won, Shannon K. McClintock, Catherine V. Donovan, Sandra J. Laney, Steven A. Williams, Nils Pilotte, Thomas G. Streit, Madsen V. E. Beau de Rochars, Patrick J. Lammie

Genotyping of Human Lice Suggests Multiple Emergences of Body Lice from Local Head Louse Populations

Wenjun Li, Gabriel Ortiz, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Gregory Gimenez, David L. Reed, Barry Pittendrigh, Didier Raoult

Using Recombinant Proteins from Lutzomyia longipalpis Saliva to Estimate Human Vector Exposure in Visceral Leishmaniasis Endemic Areas

Ana Paula Souza, Bruno Bezerril Andrade, Dorlene Aquino, Petter Entringer, José Carlos Miranda, Ruan Alcantara, Daniel Ruiz, Manuel Soto, Clarissa R. Teixeira, Jesus G. Valenzuela, Camila Indiani de Oliveira, Cláudia Ida Brodskyn, Manoel Barral-Netto, Aldina Barral

Nodular Worm Infection in Wild Chimpanzees in Western Uganda: A Risk for Human Health?

Sabrina Krief, Benjamin Vermeulen, Sophie Lafosse, John M. Kasenene, Adélaïde Nieguitsila, Madeleine Berthelemy, Monique L'Hostis, Odile Bain, Jacques Guillot

Informal Urban Settlements and Cholera Risk in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Katherine Penrose, Marcia Caldas de Castro, Japhet Werema, Edward T. Ryan

Prospects for the Development of Odour Baits to Control the Tsetse Flies Glossina tachinoides and G. palpalis s.l.

J. B. Rayaisse, I. Tirados, D. Kaba, S. Y. Dewhirst, J. G. Logan, A. Diarrassouba, E. Salou, M. O. Omolo, P. Solano, M. J. Lehane, J. A. Pickett, G. A. Vale, S. J. Torr, J. Esterhuizen

High Dengue Case Capture Rate in Four Years of a Cohort Study in Nicaragua Compared to National Surveillance Data

Katherine Standish, Guillermina Kuan, William Avilés, Angel Balmaseda, Eva Harris

Phylogeography and Population Structure of Glossina fuscipes fuscipes in Uganda: Implications for Control of Tsetse

Jon S. Beadell, Chaz Hyseni, Patrick P. Abila, Rogers Azabo, John C. K. Enyaru, Johnson O. Ouma, Yassir O. Mohammed, Loyce M. Okedi, Serap Aksoy, Adalgisa Caccone

Identification by PCR of Non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica Serovars Associated with Invasive Infections among Febrile Patients in Mali

Sharon M. Tennant, Souleymane Diallo, Haim Levy, Sofie Livio, Samba O. Sow, Milagritos Tapia, Patricia I. Fields, Matthew Mikoleit, Boubou Tamboura, Karen L. Kotloff, James P. Nataro, James E. Galen, Myron M. Levine

Diversity of Micrurus Snake Species Related to Their Venom Toxic Effects and the Prospective of Antivenom Neutralization

Gabriela D. Tanaka, Maria de Fátima D. Furtado, Fernanda C. V. Portaro, Osvaldo Augusto Sant'Anna, Denise V. Tambourgi

Molecular Evidence for a Functional Ecdysone Signaling System in Brugia malayi

George Tzertzinis, Ana L. Egaña, Subba Reddy Palli, Marc Robinson-Rechavi, Chris R. Gissendanner, Canhui Liu, Thomas R. Unnasch, Claude V. Maina

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Local Heat Therapy Versus Intravenous Sodium Stibogluconate for the Treatment of Cutaneous Leishmania major Infection

Naomi E. Aronson, Glenn W. Wortmann, William R. Byrne, Robin S. Howard, Wendy B. Bernstein, Mary A. Marovich, Mark E. Polhemus, In-Kyu Yoon, Kelly A. Hummer, Robert A. Gasser Jr, Charles N. Oster, Paul M. Benson

Ambient Stable Quantitative PCR Reagents for the Detection of Yersinia pestis

Shi Qu, Qinghai Shi, Lei Zhou, Zhaobiao Guo, Dongsheng Zhou, Junhui Zhai, Ruifu Yang

Role of GP82 in the Selective Binding to Gastric Mucin during Oral Infection with Trypanosoma cruzi

Daniela I. Staquicini, Rafael M. Martins, Silene Macedo, Gisela R. S. Sasso, Vanessa D. Atayde, Maria A. Juliano, Nobuko Yoshida

Serotype-Specific Differences in the Risk of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever: An Analysis of Data Collected in Bangkok, Thailand from 1994 to 2006

Jessica R. Fried, Robert V. Gibbons, Siripen Kalayanarooj, Stephen J. Thomas, Anon Srikiatkhachorn, In-Kyu Yoon, Richard G. Jarman, Sharone Green, Alan L. Rothman, Derek A. T. Cummings

Complete In Vitro Life Cycle of Trypanosoma congolense: Development of Genetic Tools

Virginie Coustou, Fabien Guegan, Nicolas Plazolles, Théo Baltz

Modeling Disease Vector Occurrence when Detection Is Imperfect: Infestation of Amazonian Palm Trees by Triatomine Bugs at Three Spatial Scales

Fernando Abad-Franch, Gonçalo Ferraz, Ciro Campos, Francisco S. Palomeque, Mario J. Grijalva, H. Marcelo Aguilar, Michael A. Miles