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Table of Contents: February 2009

COVER

Behind invasive species.

Image Credit: Shan Lv, National Institute of Parasitic Diseases
Issue Image

This photo taken in Lianjiang, China shows the pink eggs of Pomacea canaliculata (apple snail) sticking to a stock and Pistia stratiotes (water lettuce) floating on the water surface in a pond. The two invasive species have replaced native species and become the dominants in the ecosystem. Furthermore, P. canaliculata has become the primary source of infection of Angiostrongylus cantonensis in China (see Lv et al., doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000368).

Editorial

Viewpoints

Zoonotic Larval Cestode Infections: Neglected, Neglected Tropical Diseases?

Christine M. Budke, A. Clinton White Jr., Hector H. Garcia

Symposium

Diagnosis of Human Visceral Pentastomiasis

Dennis Tappe, Dietrich W. Büttner

Review

Social Research on Neglected Diseases of Poverty: Continuing and Emerging Themes

Lenore Manderson, Jens Aagaard-Hansen, Pascale Allotey, Margaret Gyapong, Johannes Sommerfeld

Research Articles

Identification of Three Classes of Heteroaromatic Compounds with Activity against Intracellular Trypanosoma cruzi by Chemical Library Screening

Esther Bettiol, Marie Samanovic, Andrew S. Murkin, Jayne Raper, Frederick Buckner, Ana Rodriguez

Low Sensitivity of the Formol-Ethyl Acetate Sedimentation Concentration Technique in Low-Intensity Schistosoma japonicum Infections

Tore Lier, Gunnar S. Simonsen, Tianping Wang, Dabing Lu, Hanne H. Haukland, Birgitte J. Vennervald, Maria V. Johansen

Phase Change Material for Thermotherapy of Buruli Ulcer: A Prospective Observational Single Centre Proof-of-Principle Trial

Thomas Junghanss, Alphonse Um Boock, Moritz Vogel, Daniela Schuette, Helmut Weinlaeder, Gerd Pluschke

Local and Global Effects of Climate on Dengue Transmission in Puerto Rico

Michael A. Johansson, Francesca Dominici, Gregory E. Glass

Cardiac Alterations in Human African Trypanosomiasis (T.b. gambiense) with Respect to the Disease Stage and Antiparasitic Treatment

Johannes A. Blum, Caecilia Schmid, Christian Burri, Christoph Hatz, Carol Olson, Blaise Fungula, Leon Kazumba, Patrick Mangoni, Florent Mbo, Kambau Deo, Alain Mpanya, Amadeo Dala, Jose R. Franco, Gabriele Pohlig, Michael J. Zellweger

Invasive Snails and an Emerging Infectious Disease: Results from the First National Survey on Angiostrongylus cantonensis in China

Shan Lv, Yi Zhang, He-Xiang Liu, Ling Hu, Kun Yang, Peter Steinmann, Zhao Chen, Li-Ying Wang, Jürg Utzinger, Xiao-Nong Zhou

Association of the Gene Polymorphisms IFN-γ +874, IL-13 −1055 and IL-4 −590 with Patterns of Reinfection with Schistosoma mansoni

Michael R. Gatlin, Carla L. Black, Pauline N. Mwinzi, W. Evan Secor, Diana M. Karanja, Daniel G. Colley

Reduction and Return of Infectious Trachoma in Severely Affected Communities in Ethiopia

Takele Lakew, Jenafir House, Kevin C. Hong, Elizabeth Yi, Wondu Alemayehu, Muluken Melese, Zhaoxia Zhou, Kathryn Ray, Stephanie Chin, Emmanuel Romero, Jeremy Keenan, John P. Whitcher, Bruce D. Gaynor, Thomas M. Lietman

Functional Analysis of the Cathepsin-Like Cysteine Protease Genes in Adult Brugia malayi Using RNA Interference

Louise Ford, Jun Zhang, Jing Liu, Sarwar Hashmi, Juliet A. Fuhrman, Yelena Oksov, Sara Lustigman

Trypanosoma cruzi CYP51 Inhibitor Derived from a Mycobacterium tuberculosis Screen Hit

Chiung-Kuang Chen, Patricia S. Doyle, Liudmila V. Yermalitskaya, Zachary B. Mackey, Kenny K. H. Ang, James H. McKerrow, Larissa M. Podust

Killing of Trypanosomatid Parasites by a Modified Bovine Host Defense Peptide, BMAP-18

Lee R. Haines, Jamie M. Thomas, Angela M. Jackson, Brett A. Eyford, Morteza Razavi, Cristalle N. Watson, Brent Gowen, Robert E. W. Hancock, Terry W. Pearson

Persisting Mixed Cryoglobulinemia in Chikungunya Infection

Manuela Oliver, Marc Grandadam, Catherine Marimoutou, Christophe Rogier, Elisabeth Botelho-Nevers, Hugues Tolou, Jean-Luc Moalic, Philippe Kraemer, Marc Morillon, Jean-Jacques Morand, Pierre Jeandel, Philippe Parola, Fabrice Simon