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Table of Contents: February 2011

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Providing access to diagnosis of affected population through mass screening in disease-endemic areas by mobile teams and subsequent treatment has been the basis of the methodology to reduce transmission of human African trypanosomiasis (see Simarro et al., 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001007).

Editorial

Viewpoints

Factory Tsetse Flies Must Behave Like Wild Flies: A Prerequisite for the Sterile Insect Technique

Marc J. B. Vreysen, Khalfan M. Saleh, Renaud Lancelot, Jérémy Bouyer

The Human African Trypanosomiasis Control and Surveillance Programme of the World Health Organization 2000–2009: The Way Forward

Pere P. Simarro, Abdoulaye Diarra, Jose A. Ruiz Postigo, José R. Franco, Jean G. Jannin

Photo Quiz

Research Articles

Clinically Unapparent Infantile Thiamin Deficiency in Vientiane, Laos

Sengmanivong Khounnorath, Karen Chamberlain, Ann M. Taylor, Douangdao Soukaloun, Mayfong Mayxay, Sue J. Lee, Bounthom Phengdy, Khonsavanh Luangxay, Kongkham Sisouk, Bandit Soumphonphakdy, Khaysy Latsavong, Kongsin Akkhavong, Nicholas J. White, Paul N. Newton

A History of Chagas Disease Transmission, Control, and Re-Emergence in Peri-Rural La Joya, Peru

Stephen Delgado, Ricardo Castillo Neyra, Víctor R. Quispe Machaca, Jenny Ancca Juárez, Lily Chou Chu, Manuela Renee Verastegui, Giovanna M. Moscoso Apaza, César D. Bocángel, Aaron W. Tustin, Charles R. Sterling, Andrew C. Comrie, César Náquira, Juan G. Cornejo del Carpio, Robert H. Gilman, Caryn Bern, Michael Z. Levy

Erythrocyte Transketolase Activity, Markers of Cardiac Dysfunction and the Diagnosis of Infantile Beriberi

Douangdao Soukaloun, Sue J. Lee, Karen Chamberlain, Ann M. Taylor, Mayfong Mayxay, Kongkham Sisouk, Bandit Soumphonphakdy, Khaysy Latsavong, Kongsin Akkhavong, Douangkham Phommachanh, Vanmaly Sengmeuang, Khonsavanh Luangxay, Theresa McDonagh, Nicholas J. White, Paul N. Newton

Diagnostic Accuracy of PCR in gambiense Sleeping Sickness Diagnosis, Staging and Post-Treatment Follow-Up: A 2-year Longitudinal Study

Stijn Deborggraeve, Veerle Lejon, Rosine Ali Ekangu, Dieudonné Mumba Ngoyi, Patient Pati Pyana, Médard Ilunga, Jean Pierre Mulunda, Philippe Büscher

Elimination of Neglected Diseases in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Mapping of Selected Diseases

Maria Cristina Schneider, Ximena Paz Aguilera, Jarbas Barbosa da Silva Junior, Steven Kenyon Ault, Patricia Najera, Julio Martinez, Raquel Requejo, Ruben Santiago Nicholls, Zaida Yadon, Juan Carlos Silva, Luis Fernando Leanes, Mirta Roses Periago

Quantifying Quality of Life and Disability of Patients with Advanced Schistosomiasis Japonica

Tie-Wu Jia, Jürg Utzinger, Yao Deng, Kun Yang, Yi-Yi Li, Jin-Huan Zhu, Charles H. King, Xiao-Nong Zhou

2,4-Diaminopyrimidines as Potent Inhibitors of Trypanosoma brucei and Identification of Molecular Targets by a Chemical Proteomics Approach

Luke Mercer, Tana Bowling, Joe Perales, Jennifer Freeman, Tien Nguyen, Cyrus Bacchi, Nigel Yarlett, Robert Don, Robert Jacobs, Bakela Nare

Population Vulnerability and Disability in Kenya's Tsetse Fly Habitats

Sue C. Grady, Joseph P. Messina, Paul F. McCord

Spatial Modelling of Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infections in Kenya: A Disease Control Planning Tool

Rachel L. Pullan, Peter W. Gething, Jennifer L. Smith, Charles S. Mwandawiro, Hugh J. W. Sturrock, Caroline W. Gitonga, Simon I. Hay, Simon Brooker

Levofloxacin Cures Experimental Pneumonic Plague in African Green Monkeys

Robert Colby Layton, William Mega, Jacob D. McDonald, Trevor L. Brasel, Edward B. Barr, Andrew P. Gigliotti, Frederick Koster

Options for Active Case Detection of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Endemic Districts of India, Nepal and Bangladesh, Comparing Yield, Feasibility and Costs

Shri Prakash Singh, Siddhivinayak Hirve, M. Mamun Huda, Megha Raj Banjara, Narendra Kumar, Dinesh Mondal, Shyam Sundar, Pradeep Das, Chitra Kumar Gurung, Suman Rijal, C. P. Thakur, Beena Varghese, Axel Kroeger

Phylogeography and Taxonomy of Trypanosoma brucei

Oliver Balmer, Jon S. Beadell, Wendy Gibson, Adalgisa Caccone

Filarial Worms Reduce Plasmodium Infectivity in Mosquitoes

Matthew T. Aliota, Cheng-Chen Chen, Henry Dagoro, Jeremy F. Fuchs, Bruce M. Christensen

A Low-Tech Analytical Method for Diethylcarbamazine Citrate in Medicated Salt

Abigail Weaver, Patrick Brown, Shannon Huey, Marco Magallon, E. Brennan Bollman, Dominique Mares, Thomas G. Streit, Marya Lieberman

Trypanosoma cruzi Utilizes the Host Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor in Invasion

Fnu Nagajyothi, Louis M. Weiss, David L. Silver, Mahalia S. Desruisseaux, Philipp E. Scherer, Joachim Herz, Herbert B. Tanowitz

A Portrait of the Transcriptome of the Neglected Trematode, Fasciola gigantica—Biological and Biotechnological Implications

Neil D. Young, Aaron R. Jex, Cinzia Cantacessi, Ross S. Hall, Bronwyn E. Campbell, Terence W. Spithill, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Prasarn Tangkawattana, Thewarach Laha, Robin B. Gasser