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Research Article

In Vivo Expression of Salmonella enterica Serotype Typhi Genes in the Blood of Patients with Typhoid Fever in Bangladesh

  • Alaullah Sheikh equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Alaullah Sheikh, Richelle C. Charles

    Affiliations: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh, Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Richelle C. Charles equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Alaullah Sheikh, Richelle C. Charles

    rccharles@partners.org

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Nusrat Sharmeen,

    Affiliation: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh

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  • Sean M. Rollins,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Jason B. Harris,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Md. Saruar Bhuiyan,

    Affiliations: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh, Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Mohammad Arifuzzaman,

    Affiliation: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh

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  • Farhana Khanam,

    Affiliation: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh

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  • Archana Bukka,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, United States of America

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  • Anuj Kalsy,

    Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Steffen Porwollik,

    Affiliation: The Vaccine Research Institute of San Diego, San Diego, California, United States of America

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  • Daniel T. Leung,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • W. Abdullah Brooks,

    Affiliation: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh

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  • Regina C. LaRocque,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Elizabeth L. Hohmann,

    Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Alejandro Cravioto,

    Affiliation: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh

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  • Tanya Logvinenko,

    Affiliation: Division of Biostatistics, Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies (ICRHPS), Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Stephen B. Calderwood,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Michael McClelland,

    Affiliation: The Vaccine Research Institute of San Diego, San Diego, California, United States of America

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  • James E. Graham,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, United States of America

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  • Firdausi Qadri ,

    Affiliation: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh

    These authors also contributed equally to this work.

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  • Edward T. Ryan

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

    These authors also contributed equally to this work.

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  • Published: December 13, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001419

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