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Research Article

Immune Response to Snake Envenoming and Treatment with Antivenom; Complement Activation, Cytokine Production and Mast Cell Degranulation

  • Shelley F. Stone mail,

    Shelley.Stone@uwa.edu.au

    Affiliations: Centre for Clinical Research in Emergency Medicine, Western Australian Institute for Medical Research and the University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia, Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia

    X
  • Geoffrey K. Isbister,

    Affiliations: Department of Clinical Toxicology and Pharmacology, Calvary Mater Newcastle and Discipline of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, South Asian Clinical Toxicology Research Collaboration, Peradeniya, Central Province, Sri Lanka

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  • Seyed Shahmy,

    Affiliation: South Asian Clinical Toxicology Research Collaboration, Peradeniya, Central Province, Sri Lanka

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  • Fahim Mohamed,

    Affiliation: South Asian Clinical Toxicology Research Collaboration, Peradeniya, Central Province, Sri Lanka

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  • Chandana Abeysinghe,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Polonnaruwa General Hospital, North Central Province, Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka

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  • Harendra Karunathilake,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Polonnaruwa General Hospital, North Central Province, Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka

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  • Ariaranee Ariaratnam,

    Affiliation: Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka

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  • Tamara E. Jacoby-Alner,

    Affiliations: Centre for Clinical Research in Emergency Medicine, Western Australian Institute for Medical Research and the University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia, School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Computer, Health and Science, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia

    X
  • Claire L. Cotterell,

    Affiliations: Centre for Clinical Research in Emergency Medicine, Western Australian Institute for Medical Research and the University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia, Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia

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  • Simon G. A. Brown

    Affiliations: Centre for Clinical Research in Emergency Medicine, Western Australian Institute for Medical Research and the University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia, Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia

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  • Published: July 25, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002326

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