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Research Article

Human Leptospirosis Caused by a New, Antigenically Unique Leptospira Associated with a Rattus Species Reservoir in the Peruvian Amazon

  • Michael A. Matthias equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Michael A. Matthias, Jessica N. Ricaldi

    Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, California, United States of America

    X
  • Jessica N. Ricaldi equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Michael A. Matthias, Jessica N. Ricaldi

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, California, United States of America, Alexander von Humboldt Institute of Tropical Medicine, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

    X
  • Manuel Cespedes,

    Affiliation: Leptospirosis Reference Laboratory, National Institute of Health, Lima, Peru

    X
  • M. Monica Diaz,

    Affiliation: CONICET (Consejo de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas) and PIDBA (Programa de Investigaciones de Biodiversidad Argentina), Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Tucumán, Argentina

    X
  • Renee L. Galloway,

    Affiliation: Leptospirosis Laboratory, Meningitis and Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Mayuko Saito,

    Affiliation: Asociacion Benefica PRISMA, Lima, Peru

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  • Arnold G. Steigerwalt,

    Affiliation: Leptospirosis Laboratory, Meningitis and Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Kailash P. Patra,

    Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, California, United States of America

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  • Carlos Vidal Ore,

    Affiliation: Directorate of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Loreto Department, Iquitos, Peru

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  • Eduardo Gotuzzo,

    Affiliation: Alexander von Humboldt Institute of Tropical Medicine, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

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  • Robert H. Gilman,

    Affiliation: Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Paul N. Levett mail,

    plevett@health.gov.sk.ca (PNL); jvinetz@ucsd.edu (JMV)

    Affiliation: Saskatchewan Disease Control Laboratory, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada

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  • Joseph M. Vinetz mail

    plevett@health.gov.sk.ca (PNL); jvinetz@ucsd.edu (JMV)

    Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, California, United States of America

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  • Published: April 02, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000213

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