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Research Article

Reduced Susceptibility to Praziquantel among Naturally Occurring Kenyan Isolates of Schistosoma mansoni

  • Sandra D. Melman,

    Affiliation: Center for Evolutionary and Theoretical Immunology, Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America

    X
  • Michelle L. Steinauer mail,

    michelle.steinauer@oregonstate.edu

    Affiliation: Center for Evolutionary and Theoretical Immunology, Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America

    X
  • Charles Cunningham,

    Affiliation: Center for Evolutionary and Theoretical Immunology, Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America

    X
  • Laura S. Kubatko,

    Affiliation: Departments of Statistics and Evolution, Ecology, and Organismal Biology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America

    X
  • Ibrahim N. Mwangi,

    Affiliation: Centre for Biotechnology Research and Development, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

    X
  • Nirvana Barker Wynn,

    Affiliation: Center for Evolutionary and Theoretical Immunology, Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America

    X
  • Martin W. Mutuku,

    Affiliation: Centre for Biotechnology Research and Development, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

    X
  • Diana M. S. Karanja,

    Affiliation: Center for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya

    X
  • Daniel G. Colley,

    Affiliation: Center for Tropical and Emerging Global Diseases and Department of Microbiology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Carla L. Black,

    Affiliation: Center for Tropical and Emerging Global Diseases and Department of Microbiology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • William Evan Secor,

    Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Parasitic Diseases, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Gerald M. Mkoji,

    Affiliation: Centre for Biotechnology Research and Development, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

    X
  • Eric S. Loker

    Affiliation: Center for Evolutionary and Theoretical Immunology, Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America

    X
  • Published: August 18, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000504

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