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Research Article

Inflammatory Cytokine Expression Is Associated with Chikungunya Virus Resolution and Symptom Severity

  • Alyson A. Kelvin mail,

    akelvin@sardiniaresearchanddevelopment.com

    Affiliations: Sardinia Research and Development (SaRD), University di Sassari, Sassari, Italy, Immune Diagnostics and Research (IDR), Toronto Medical Discovery Tower (TDMT), Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • David Banner,

    Affiliation: Experimental Therapeutics, University Health Network (UHN), Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Giuliano Silvi,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica, Azienda Usl di Ravenna, Ferrara, Italy

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  • Maria Luisa Moro,

    Affiliation: Agenzia Sanitaria e Sociale Regione Emilia-Romagna, Bologna, Italy

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  • Nadir Spataro,

    Affiliation: Department of Hematology and Oncology, Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

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  • Paolo Gaibani,

    Affiliation: Department of Hematology and Oncology, Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

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  • Francesca Cavrini,

    Affiliation: Department of Hematology and Oncology, Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

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  • Anna Pierro,

    Affiliation: Department of Hematology and Oncology, Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

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  • Giada Rossini,

    Affiliation: Department of Hematology and Oncology, Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

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  • Mark J. Cameron,

    Affiliation: Experimental Therapeutics, University Health Network (UHN), Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Jesus F. Bermejo-Martin,

    Affiliations: National Centre of Influenza, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain, Unidad de Investigación en Infección e Inmunidad - Microbiology Service, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid - Instituto de Estudios de Ciencias de la Salud de Castilla y León (IECSCYL), Valladolid, Spain

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  • Stéphane G. Paquette,

    Affiliations: Experimental Therapeutics, University Health Network (UHN), Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Medical Science (IMS), University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Luoling Xu,

    Affiliation: Experimental Therapeutics, University Health Network (UHN), Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Ali Danesh,

    Affiliation: Experimental Therapeutics, University Health Network (UHN), Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Amber Farooqui,

    Affiliation: Sardinia Research and Development (SaRD), University di Sassari, Sassari, Italy

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  • Ilaria Borghetto,

    Affiliations: Sardinia Research and Development (SaRD), University di Sassari, Sassari, Italy, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche, University di Sassari, Sassari, Italy

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  • David J. Kelvin,

    Affiliations: Experimental Therapeutics, University Health Network (UHN), Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Medical Science (IMS), University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, PhD School in Biomolecular and Biotechnology Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy

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  • Vittorio Sambri,

    Affiliation: Department of Hematology and Oncology, Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

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  • Salvatore Rubino

    Affiliations: Sardinia Research and Development (SaRD), University di Sassari, Sassari, Italy, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche, University di Sassari, Sassari, Italy

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  • Published: August 16, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001279

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