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Research Article

Expansion in CD39+ CD4+ Immunoregulatory T Cells and Rarity of Th17 Cells in HTLV-1 Infected Patients Is Associated with Neurological Complications

  • Fabio E. Leal equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Fabio E. Leal, Lishomwa C. Ndhlovu

    Affiliations: The Division of Experimental Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Hawaii Center of AIDS, Department of Tropical Medicine, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America, Deparment of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    X
  • Lishomwa C. Ndhlovu equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Fabio E. Leal, Lishomwa C. Ndhlovu

    Affiliations: The Division of Experimental Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Hawaii Center of AIDS, Department of Tropical Medicine, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

    X
  • Aaron M. Hasenkrug,

    Affiliation: The Division of Experimental Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • Fernanda R. Bruno,

    Affiliation: Division of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    X
  • Karina I. Carvalho,

    Affiliation: Division of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    X
  • Harry Wynn-Williams,

    Affiliation: Hawaii Center of AIDS, Department of Tropical Medicine, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

    X
  • Walter K. Neto,

    Affiliations: Molecular Biology Laboratory, Fundação Pró-Sangue, Hemocentro de São Paulo, Brazil, Department of Translational Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

    X
  • Sabri S. Sanabani,

    Affiliation: Deparment of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

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  • Aluisio C. Segurado,

    Affiliation: Deparment of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

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  • Douglas F. Nixon,

    Affiliation: The Division of Experimental Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • Esper G. Kallas mail

    esper.kallas@usp.br

    Affiliations: Deparment of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil, Division of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil

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  • Published: February 07, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002028

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